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Stood up for the honor

Вячеслав Володин выступил за принятие закона о защите чести главы государства

Вячеслав Володин выступил за принятие закона о защите чести главы государства
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What happened?

Chairman of the State Duma Vyacheslav Volodin supported the idea of a law that would protect the President from insults. The proposal on 13 February in Kazan was made by one of the students of Innopolis University. According to Volodina now this issue is not urgent, however, requires consideration, because the institution of the presidency “we need to protect.”

What caused the idea?

According to student Alexander Dolgoborodov, in the press felt the “information reel” on Vladimir Putin, so the question of the punishment of insults to the head of state is becoming increasingly important. The speaker of the State Duma agreed with this statement, and said that such laws have been adopted in many countries. Russia, according to Volodina, the country “more democratic, more open”.

Reaction of the Kremlin
Press-Secretary Dmitry Peskov
Press Secretary Dmitry Peskov

statement press Secretary of President Dmitry Peskov, the question of the introduction of the law “requires study” and study of “international experience”. Open insults to the President’s press Secretary believes to be invalid, but “to a balanced and intelligent criticism of” the President, according to Peskov, is “quite constructive”.

The Experience of other countries

Speaking of “international experience,” Vyacheslav Volodin referred in the USA, where a “simple sayings” to the former President Barack Obama’s “four people received serious sentences — two and a half years of prison”.

Laws to protect the honor of heads of countries and in several European countries. For example, in Poland for insulting remarks about the President can land you in jail for up to 3 years. In Germany and Holland harsher the punishment – from 3 months to 5 years. Denmark is also practised, but in this country the punishment depends on who is offended: for example, if it is a woman, the punishment would be more severe.

However, the most susceptible to insults against heads of state are the Eastern countries. In Turkey you can not offend not only the current leader of the country, but also the first President Kemal Ataturk. But if Turkey violators a maximum will be imprisoned in Iran, who insulted the head of state, could be sentenced to 74 lashes.

As it is now protected by the Russian President?

The criminal code includes article 319, “insulting a representative of authority”, violation of which provides “the penalty to 40 000 roubles,” or up to 1 year of correctional labor. Vladimir Putin, these articles do not blame anyone. However, in may 2006 the Ivanovo Prosecutor’s office opened a criminal case against the chief editor of the Internet publication Kursiv, found in the article “Putin as phallic symbol of Russia” insults to the head of state. As a result, the newspaper was closed, condemned an international organization “reporters without borders”.

Article in "Moscow correspondent"
an article in the “Moscow correspondent”

In 2008, the heads of the newspaper “Moscow correspondent” announced the suspension of the publication. Officially the newspaper was closed because of the loss, however, many doubt the veracity of this version, since the closure of the newspaper took place immediately after the publication of the article about the upcoming wedding of Vladimir Putin and gymnast Alina Kabaeva. The head of the holding “national media company” Alexander Lebedev has called the speculation of journalists “nonsense”, however, the employee of the newspaper Lev Ryzhkov so described the events of that day: “To the editor included some in civilian clothes. Great big big redneck… the time of the withdrawal of our editor-in-chief, I watched with my own eyes… and Then the editor came back… was quite scared.”

In January 2015, a resident of St. Petersburg Alexander Sursis tried to sue the protesters, who shouted obscene insults at the President. Representatives of the Ministry of interior have not found this behavior “nothing illegal“, so the statement of St Petersburg was rejected.

Expert’s opinion

The head of the Council on human rights Mikhail Fedotov he said that it is ready to support the idea, but with one condition – the case is to be initiated “only at the request of the victim”, otherwise it would be contrary to the Constitution, which proclaims the equality of citizens.

According to member of the Communist party Sergei Obukhov, first you need to “perform legal practice.” He also noted that, following this logic, it is necessary to adopt the law “on protection of honor of the Deputy of the state Duma”.

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