11.03.2017
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The law against «groups of death»

Правительство РФ поддержало законопроект об ужесточении наказания за побуждение к суициду

Правительство РФ поддержало законопроект об ужесточении наказания за побуждение к суициду
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What happened?

Tenth day of March the official website of the Russian government published positive opinion the bill, Vice speaker of the state Duma Irina Yarovaya, providing for toughening of responsibility for incitement to suicide.

The document notes the need to prohibit “the dissemination of information promoting suicide.” Now it is illegal to distribute only the information about methods of suicide and calls for it.

The bill already approved by the Supreme court, interior Ministry, Investigative Committee, Ministry of education and Roskomnadzor.

The essence of the bill

The project involves the amendment of article 110 of the Criminal code. The responsibility proposed for the “encouragement of suicide” and “assisted suicide”, in addition to the existing paragraph on “incitement to suicide”. Despite the fact that “incitement” is interpreted as “cruel treatment or systematic humiliation of human dignity of the victim”, and “declination” means “persuasion, bribery, offers, deception”.

It is proposed to increase the maximum penalty to 12 years old (now he is 5 years).

Spring notes that the main goal of the project is the fight against Internet criminals. The project involves the introduction of a separate article for the involvement of minors in the “group of death”. Activities of such communities, in his opinion, is “remote killing”, against which measures need to be taken.

“Bill, we the first in Russia to put a barrier to those who entices children to suicide, and those who organize deadly games for children, such as “Run or die”, “Fairy”, “shaping” creates “group of death” in social networks,” says Spring.

Authorities approve

Russian President Vladimir Putin has approved the initiative to expand the list of acts entailing criminal liability, during his speech at the Collegium of the Ministry of interior. The President stressed that the sites that affect children and adolescents with unstable mentality and advocating suicide, are a serious problem.

Authorized under the RF President on the rights of the child Anna Kuznetsova also spoke in support of the bill, saying that now the Internet against children “is a real war”, and the number of cases of child suicide is increasing. “This is unacceptable and must be strictly prosecuted by legal means”, – concluded the Ombudsman.

The first Deputy Chairman of the Duma Committee on security Ernest Valeev has declared that the existing punishment for the crime is not enough. On the question of a possible infringement of the freedom of the Internet, Valeev said that he sees the danger, and that the blocking of illegal sites is now provided by law.

Deadly games

In February Irina Spring said that over the past year, 720 children had committed suicide, and for the last three years committed suicide 2205 children. The MP stressed that the promotion of suicide comes from the Internet, in particular from the so-called “groups of death”.

The theme of the urge to suicide was widely discussed after publications “the New newspaper” in which it was said that for half a year killed 130 children, consisting in certain online communities.

In such groups the participants were asked to play a game where the last mission was to kill myself. If the participant refused to perform the task, the curators of the game threatened to kill his relatives. The symbol of these groups was the whale – an animal that supposedly is capable of consciously committing suicide by jumping to shore.

Children joined the community, such as “the Blue whale” or “Sea of whales”. Then the curators began to send them puzzles, videos, audio recordings and tasks (for example, to climb on the roof or go on the rails). During the game the children were convinced that they were elected, and that suicide is bad.

In November 2016 according to article 110 of the was sentenced Philip Bodaken, the administrator of one of these groups. He was charged with incitement to suicide.

“Anya was afraid of loneliness”

It was in the eighth grade. Anna was my friend. She was communicative and very beautiful. Well-studied, wrote poetry. Hanging out is not loved, she liked the cozy get-togethers with friends in a cafe or home. She lived with her mother and grandmother, was an only child whose parents loved and spoiled.

That evening we talked to her on the phone. Vkontakte then she asked me to wish her luck. I asked: “Why?” “Right!”. I said, “good Luck.”

Morning at school we were told that Anya died, jumped out the window with the twenty-fourth floor. We at first did not understand, about what speech. Someone started to call her but the phone was unavailable. To us did not get that this man is no more. The psychologist and the teacher didn’t know how to behave with us.

Later, at a school Assembly, showed a hacked Facebook page, found messages in which she was inclined to suicide: “You’re too beautiful for this life.” Wrote that someday she’ll be alone, but in the next life all will be eternal. In the evening of the fatal day she got her status on Facebook: “Monophobia. Reincarnation”. More likely Anya was afraid of loneliness.

Expert’s opinion

Why children are involved in a deadly game? Psychologist Lyudmila Chebotareva believes that the reasons are of the most banal: out of curiosity, just for company, nothing to do, and sometimes fatal role plays randomly open a page on the Internet. But most importantly: why the child remains in the “group of death”?

“If the child is psychologically healthy and balanced, even taking part in this game, he soon gave it up. The situation is like addiction: not everyone who has tried to smoke will become a smoker. But if the child is non-adaptive, the game can not let go, it is easier to convince to do anything, even to hurt yourself.”

What does psychological maladjustment? It is generated by a complex of reasons, among them the conflicts in the family, betrayal of a friend, failure in school, low self-esteem and other traumatic psyche factors.

The scale of the disaster

The company “Cribrum” analyzed the content of Russian social networks and hashtag used by members of such groups, concluded that 1849 people in Moscow have expressed desire to play a deadly game. In the social network “Vkontakte” was found 9312 groups published similar hashtags.

statistics

Now Roskomnadzor is working with the administrators of social networking, experts are engaged in identifying and addressing suicidal content. Since the beginning of year 4 was blocked thousands of “groups of death”, and in just three years locked 14 thousand pages and sites with information about suicide.

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