Monument Maya Plisetskaya in Moscow

В день рождения балерины на Большой Дмитровке открыли скульптуру в образе Кармен

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Monument to nine meters tall carved familiar with Plisetskaya personally, honored artist of Russia Viktor Mitroshin big fan of ballet dancers.
The project architect Alexei Tikhonov said:
“Our main goal was to create the illusion of soaring ballerina on a background of the sky, in our view, it is possible -. Sculpture floating in the air”

The initiator of the sculpture is a ballet dancer’s husband – composer Rodion Shchedrin.
He will be present at the opening of the monument, on November 20 in the square named after Plisetskaya on Bolshaya Dmitrovka. The event also invited outstanding artists, representatives of the Ministry of Culture and the Moscow government.

Maya Plisetskaya and her husband Rodion Shchedrin
Maya Plisetskaya and her husband Rodion Shchedrin

On the opening of the monument mentioned in his Twitter Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin.
Dmitrovka became one of the first streets, which was implemented by the City Hall project “My Street” and the square named after Plisetskaya appeared there because of it.

Maya Plisetskaya and Alexander Bogatyrev
Maya Plisetskaya and Alexander Bogatyrev

According to the Russian Ministry of Culture of the cost of the monument was 20 million rubles. However, Deputy Minister of Culture said that the money from the budget in the project have not been involved, bronze sculpture was cast at the expense of the private charitable foundation Alisher Usmanov “Art, Science and Sports.”

According to the sculptors of the monument must give great importance to Plisetskaya Russian ballet. Choreographer Vladimir Vasiliev happily took the news of the imminent appearance of the monument and said that Maya Plisetskaya will forever remain in the history of ballet, because it could change the aesthetics of dance, emphasize its musicality. “When I looked at Plisetskaya, I saw the music” – he said.

Maya Plisetskaya and Sergei Radchenko
Maya Plisetskaya and Sergei Radchenko

Premiere on the stage of Theatre of Nations

Новый спектакль Марата Гацалова, основанный на тексте британской пьесы

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The production received the award “the gold Mask” created based on the play by Duncan Macmillan, the famous English playwright of our time. The writer was twice nominated for one of the most prestigious British awards – the award of Lawrence Olivier.

Artistic Director
Artistic Director

The main characters of the action – “supporters of a healthy lifestyle: they do not care what they eat, how much water you spend, when brushing my teeth and how the waste is disposed of”. However “for picture perfect is not enough only children. And this fact prevents them to live quietly” — a fragment from the announcement of the performance on the website of the Theatre of the Nation.

The scenery
The scenery

In an interview for “Theatre” Marat Gatsalov has shared his impressions of the works: “a discourse in which there are two character in connection with the desire to have children.” The artistic Director added that the play “Breath”, “how “the ballet of everyday life”, where things in his obsession turn to dance” – said the artistic Director.

For a more vivid and accurate transformation of the actors in the characters of the play, the Director has attracted professionals: artists Peretruhina Xenia and Alexey Lobanov, artist Asya Mukhina, composer and choreographer of Sergei Nevsky and Tatyana Gordeeva.

The main role performed by actress Lyudmila Troshina, with which the Director has worked in the Novosibirsk theatre “Globus”, the play “August. Osage County” and actor Roman Shalyapin.

Photo from Billboard
Photo from Billboard

The minimalist scenery is the business card of the play “Breath”. Artistic Director refused to reveal all the secrets of the production of scenery, wanting to leave the intrigue when viewing the work.

Within a few days (from 7 to 9 November) on the Small stage of the theatre of Nations will be held premiere performances, and this year the screenings will be held on 4 and 5 December.

Riot against fashion

Почему не нужно бояться носить «гранж»

Reading time 3 minutes

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Style grunge quite heterogeneous, there are many variations of it. The general idea of this stylistic direction – resistance fashion. Often a rebellion against fashion creates a new style. Grunge – a good example. The word “grunge” came from the American slang. It means something unpleasant and repulsive.

Aboriginal youth are considered rebels and numerous fans of rock bands, who often copy the behavior and lifestyle of their idols. Followers edakogo marginal chic came from Seattle, where I came from groups such as Nirvana, Alice in Chains, Soundgarden,  and not by accident.These groups in their texts talked about the new reality and freedom in all spheres of life, and especially – for self-expression.

Rock band "Nirvana"
Rock band “Nirvana”

Grunge – a flannel plaid shirt, long, carelessly arranged hair, torn pantyhose or mesh, leather and metal ornaments, frayed jeans or shorts, plaid skirts, hats, beanies and heavy, solid shoes. Grunge style intersects with such styles as the “military” and often fans of grunge in the preparation of a camouflage image is used.


The origins of the style is the desire to resist the fashion, but this desire has resulted in yet another direction in clothing. It would not have tried followers marginal style challenge and break the fashion templates, they are trapped, because grunge – is quite different combinations of certain things. Style ceased to be truly marginalized in the early nineties when the American designer Marc Jacobs within the Fashion Week showed her collection, made in grunge style. Then grunge ceased to relate human to a particular social group. On this day, this style is often ill teenagers, lovers of rock music, the participants of some subcultures and even the stars.

Two anniversaries. “Two biographies”

В выставочном центре «Новый Манеж» открылась экспозиция о Булгакове

Reading time 5 minutes


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On the Oct 28, 2016  the exhibition “Bulgakov. Two biographies” opened in the exhibition hall called New Manege. There are two anniversaries being celebrated this year: 125 years since the writer’s date of birth , and 50 years – since the very first publication of his most famous novel “The Master and Margarita.”

“Project” Bulgakov. Two biographies ” is a vivid example of coollaboration between the museums. Creating the architecture and design, a crew of “Manege” worked in permanent contact with the curators of the Bulgakov’s House – says Irina Tolpina, managing director Moscow Museum and Exhibition Association Manege. – A visit to the exhibition will be a dive into the world which connects the images of literary works with the reality in which he lived and worked as a writer. ”

Archive documents, provided by Bulgakov's House.
Archive documents, provided by Bulgakov’s House.

The exhibition is divided into halves. In the first one, under the glass cases there are archive documents which tell Bulgakov’s biography, present his first fees and difficult way to the reader: in late 1920s his works were banned and named “anti-Soviet”. Bulgakov even counted that among the reviews on his works there had been 300  “hostile and abusive” ones and only three hab been laudatory.

N.Ulyanov's sketches for Bulgakov's play called "The Days Of Turbin".
N.Ulyanov’s sketches for Bulgakov’s play called “The Days Of Turbin”.

The second half of the exhibition is devoted to the theater, which played an essential role in Bulgakov’s life. His plays “Days of the Turbin” “Crimson Island,” “Zoyka’s flat” and “Moliere” were put on the main stages of the country – in Chekhov’s Moscow Art Theater, and Bolshoi Theatre. Visitors will be able to be backstage and try to undertand the process of writer’s clash with the Soviet censorship and even contemplate Bulgakov as an actor: in 1935 he played the President of the Court in the movie “The Pickwick Club”, based on the novel written by Charles Dickens.

Reconstructed Bulgakov's apartment, situated in Naschokin's lane.
Reconstructed Bulgakov’s apartment, situated in Naschokin’s lane. Photo sourse: Russian Newspaper

A part of the exhibition is a replica of Bulgakov’s apartment, reconstructed via his contemporaries’ memoirs, extant outlines and black and white photos. But it was impossible to reconstruct everything accurately. There is a layout drawn on the floor, and words “sofa”, “chair”, “piano” display the furniture which hasn’t been found. In this apartment did Bulgakov work on the novel “The Master and Margarita” till the end of his life. There he created the “Notes of the deceased” and the play “Batum” about Stalin’s youth, with whom the writer even had a phone conversation, having made it clear that Bulgakov’s works would never be printed.

The exhibition will be open until the Jan. 9, 2017, and everyone has a chance to delve into Bulgakov’s work and biography, to assess if the crew of the Exhibition Centre successfully coped with the task by collecting about 700 materials from libraries and private collections, museums and archives in one single exhibition. Apart from the exposure itself, the project organizers have prepared a special program. It will include lectures of specialists in literature and history of theatre, panel discussions, film screenings and tours.

The winner of the Booker Prize 2016 is announced

Им стал американский писатель Пол Битти

Reading time 3 minutes

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October 25, London hosted a ceremony of awarding the winners of the Booker Prize 2016 was awarded the Victory 54 year old black writer from California for his fourth novel, “Sales”.

The main idea of the book is ridiculing the American racial politics. According to experts, such a wit as the author of “sale”, they have not seen since the days of Jonathan Swift and Mark Twain. Despite fears of Paul Beatty that readers can not understand his work, the book has received high evaluation of the jury and caused an unprecedented boom. For a writer, it was a real surprise.

In addition to Beatty for the main prize, which is fifty thousand pounds, fought Deborah Levy (Great Britain), Graeme McRae Barnet (United Kingdom), Ottessa Moshfegh (USA), David Szali (Canada), Madeleine Thien (Canada).

Booker Prize is one of the most prestigious awards in the English literary society. Some of its owners subsequently became laureates of the Nobel Prize for Literature. The first presentation was held in 1969. Initially, it could only get the citizens of one of the states of the Commonwealth of Nations, Ireland, or Zimbabwe. However, in 2013, the prize may be awarded to any published writer for Britain in a book written in English or translated into that language.

The Booker Prize winner
The award ceremony

Sturgis agitated Moscow

Выставку "Без смущения" пришлось закрыть

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Eduard Litvinsky and Chairman of “Officers of Russia” Anton Tsvetkov took the decision to close the exhibition “Jock Stragies. Without embarrassment”.

Litvinsky noted that the scandalous pictures that caused hot debate on the Network, in fact, were not represented in the gallery, but that is happening already acquired such a public outcry, so the exhibition had to be closed.

Jock Sturges. Eva_ le Porge, France, 2003
Jock Sturges. Eva_ le Porge, France, 2003

The exhibition “Jock Sturges. Without embarrassment” presented by the Center, was marked 18+. Photographer for many years filming a family of nudists in France, Northern California and Ireland, with many of them his friends.

However, the exhibition “Without embarrassment” closed – not to confuse the public. Litvinsky also told reporters that the administration threatened because of the exhibition Jock Stragies. Some threats went beyond the boundaries of discussion on the Internet is so anonymous activist said that the show offends family values, and poured a few photos of an unknown liquid.

Twitter photographer "Komsomolskaya Pravda"
Twitter photographer of “Komsomolskaya Pravda”

“My work is exhibited by galleries in different countries,” noted photographer. “Those who are captured on my photos, perhaps, more moral than most of their critics,” the announced Strages in an interview. A series of his photographs repeatedly caused mixed reactions – before they attracted the attention of Christian activists from the US, but anyway, all charges against the photographer were dropped.

Previously Anna Kuznetsova, a new children’s Ombudsman, and Senator Elena Mizulina demanded that the Prosecutor General’s office to check on the exhibit, calling it pornographic. Public chamber of Russia has previously called the exhibition “propaganda of pedophilia”, however, now calls for a Commission of art historians and to conduct the examination.

Blue on white

Гжельские реалии от Алексея Михайловича до наших дней

Reading time 29 minutes

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the World famous blue and white porcelains are doing here in Sochi. The astonishing story of the survival of the fishery after its collapse in the 1990s.

Gzhel, Egorievsk highway, Russia
an hour and a Half on the Egorievsk highway from Moscow along the villages and construction markets – and we’re here. More precisely, somewhere in the right location: “Gzhel Bush” is a 27 villages and towns in the Ramenskoye district, which are engaged in this craft for centuries. “Capital”, the Central village of the whole Bush Gzhel and Rechitsa, towns Novokharitonovo and the Insulator, where the main production is concentrated. Smaller, but not less important, the village Turygino and Bahteeva.

Between the extreme points “Gzhel Bush”
the village of Gzhel and the village Kuzyaevo – 11 kilometers.

Even traveling alone, and not in the tour group, it is easy to understand that you are in the right place. After the sign “Gzhel” on the right and left of the highway numerous signs “brand Gzhel”, “true Gzhel”, “authentic Gzhel products”, and even makeshift stalls along the road.

Most of the shops within the Soviet buildings. Private master bring the product to the store, then you get a percentage of sales.


By definition

Gzhel is Russian folk craft ceramics with a distinctive blue-and-white painting. The village of Gzhel is indicated in the first spiritual letter of Ivan Kalita, and the fishing is about the same age – about seven hundred.

In retail stores the products looks better and better, there are products for every taste, even honey – gold, for example. But without exception, the sellers assure that their painting is genuine.


Traditional Gzhel – blue-white. the Current gamma is due to the influence of the Delft blue and the fact that after the great Patriotic war it was decided to restore it blue-white cobalt-painted.

Clay jug. The beginning of the XIX century, the Village Gzhel
crock. The beginning of the XIX century, the Village Gzhel

word Association Game

Before you can understand what is authentic Gzhel, and whether it is at all, try to determine how much plagiarism is historically inherent in our field.

At Gzhel porcelain often find similarities c Chinese and Dutch Delft porcelain. Local artisans call blue-and-white motifs from the middle Kingdom “Chinese”, the same definition is used by them to refer to the Chinese counterfeiting “under Gzhel”, which today make up more competition to the originals.

Blue-and-white motifs used in Chinese porcelain dynasty
Ming (1368 – 1644) and Qing (1644-1912). For them characteristic of traditional Chinese image: a dragon, a symbol of good beginning of the Chinese people, landscape motifs, images of pagodas and plot of the story.

Decorative porcelain plate
Decorative porcelain plate “bird of Paradise”. Delft, the Netherlands

The birth and flourishing Delft blue – XVII century. These processes coincided with the rise of Maritime trade in the Netherlands. Dutch master imitated Chinese designs and were decorated with products of local landscapes, biblical scenes, and floral arrangements.


The main production was tiles for walls and furnaces. Delft porcelain were brought to Russia by Peter the great, along with the fashion for all things European and, in particular, Dutch ovens and walls with blue and white tiles in large quantity can be seen in many palaces: the Menshikov in St. Petersburg or the Palace of Peter the great in Tallinn. In the faience factory Grebenshchikova in 1724, began to copy Delft painting. In Europe, on the contrary, its popularity began to steadily decline.


Gzhel porcelain adopted the blue-and-white pattern under the influence of the Dutch, and before that in local painting dominated by green, yellow, brown tones, the very same clay for porcelain in Gzhel found earlier than in Delft. It turns out: Chinese gamma spawned Delft, which in turn arrived in Russia and was born Gzhel in the usual form.


[svt-event title=”seventeenth century” date=”” class=”svt-cd-green” ] Gzhel is the Pharmaceutical order of the Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich [/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”the eighteenth century” date=”” class=”svt-cd-red” ] M. V. Lomonosov writes: “Scarcely has the earth’s most pure and without adulteration where in the world, which chemists call virgin, is between the clays used for porcelain, Gzhel what we have…” Gzhel is recognized as a center of art ceramics [/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1810″ date=”” class=”svt-cd-green” ] IMG_3755Founded the first major porcelain factory of M. S. Kuznetsov in the village of Novo-Kharitonovo[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1830-1840″ date=”” class=”svt-cd-red” ] the heyday of the industrial production. Gzhel is a leading manufacturer of tavern dishes. In specialist circles Russian Gzhel is the name of a Staffordshire – the name of the largest ceramic center of England[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”From the end of 50-ies of the XIX century” date=”” class=”svt-cd-blue” ] the Gradual decline of Handicrafts, they can not compete with factory industry. By the end of the XIX century crafts actually cease to exist[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”20 years of the twentieth century” date=”” class=”svt-cd-yellow” ] IMG_3757Work individual pottery workshops, be a cooperative farm, for example, “Forward, ceramics” (toys made of red clay, painted on enamel)[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1925″ date=”” class=”svt-cd-green” ] IMG_3756Founded the artel of Artistic ceramics (porcelain figurines, utensils, clay toys)[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1944-1945″ date=”” class=”svt-cd-red” ] the Beginning of the revival of Gzhel craft. Come in Gzhel art historian A. B. Saltykov and the painter N. I. Bessarabova[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1970″ date=”” class=”svt-cd-red” ] the Beginning of the heyday of the “Association Gzhel”, the only manufacturing factory of Gzhel products in the USSR[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1980-1990-ies.” date=”” class=”svt-cd-red” ] IMG_3748the Golden age of Gzhel. The company produces thousands of famous teacups, samovars, sets, Kvasnikov and intricate small plastic[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”the End of the 1990s” date=”” class=”svt-cd-blue” ] the Decline of primary production, the resale of “Association Gzhel”. Most of the staff go out of production and open their private workshops or small factories – began a period of private production Gzhel[/svt-event]

there is Hardly any earth’s most pure and without adulteration where in the world, which chemists call virgin, is between the clays used for porcelain, Gzhel what we have…
— M. V. Lomonosov


Made in USSR

– All the foreigners bought it as Souvenirs, recalls the Love Kochetkova, in the 1970s and ‘ 80s, the local school teacher. – Many parents of my students were working on the “Association “Gzhel”. They walked us to the production, showing famous Gzhel.

What is Gzhel in the Soviet Union today do not understand someone who has not lived in the era of total deficit. Buy products in Gzhel Gzhel was simply impossible, and ordinary people could only dream about it – the horses were not included in retail sales. But enterprising locals have found a loophole – secretly took out worthless products that was able to hide from destruction. In the era of the iron Standards of the slightest air bubble, just not the enamel – and the product must be broken. So gradually began to gather a collection of gifts of pupils and incidental purchases, which now occupies an entire room in the house. However, a collection of Amateur – compilation logic on the principle of “like/dislike”. Here’s the characters, here is a gift for my husband anniversary. Among the Souvenirs of endless cups-spoons – a true masterpiece of authorship by recognized masters of Tatiana Sergeevna Dunashova and Sergey Alekhin.

I like that the dishes are written, who the author is, the people themselves have perpetuated, – says Lyubov. – Horses are everywhere, literally.
We digging the garden, from a vase found some remnants. Washed part glued from fragments, which have turned out something like a jar. This yellow painted small pieces – so this is an ancient painting!”.


In the Gzhel region, were not only the factories of Gzhel, from local clay made ceramic flower pots, tiles for fireplaces. Today, however, survived only Gzhel porcelain production.

layout of Gzhel production


Association “Gzhel”

the Heyday of Gzhel manufacture in the country occurred in 1980-1990-e

The thing is – frames: one at the head of the “Association “Gzhel” stood Viktor Loginov, an effective Manager and a great specialist. Legend has it that the couple Gorbachev, once examined some farm in the Ramenskoye district, who appeared there Loginov gave a luxurious service. Since then, the Association has regularly appeared benefits and orders, ranks, and private shops.

In the 1990s, new machines were installed, the moulding line, began to revive forgotten in the XIX century majolica until the early 2000s, all this is not liquidated, the new owners of the plant.

Loved the horses and Naina Yeltsin, which contributed to the promotion of products abroad. The Association had its offices throughout Europe.
In one of them, in Germany for a long time and has worked Tatyana Loginova, the widow of the Director General now – the guide on “Association Gzhel”.

From the former glory and greatness is almost nothing left. Summer, on trips to Association comes a rare privately owned, mainly by families. Sometimes tourists bring suburban sanatoriums and health camps.

Go into the factory building via the security entrance hall reminiscent of the Soviet sanatorium or summer camp. A middle-aged man, the father, tries to strike up a conversation, asks: “where is the town of Gzhel? That drove – and did not see!”. Tatiana says that this city on the map no, you can not look, there is the village of Gzhel and “Gzhel Bush”.

Tatyana works in the “Association Gzhel” since 1971 – have you seen him “and in sorrow and in joy”. She was the main artist for seven years worked in Germany – in the representation, organized exhibitions of stone throughout Europe. Now leads tours.

In the factory Museum Tatyana tells a long story, as a dynamically developing production in the Soviet years, was created as a system of Gzhel education: school – College – University – factory. Warm nostalgia – not only for a bygone “Golden era”, but her husband, with whom together built an Empire of Gzhel in Russia and abroad, from the Empire of today is not gone.

Went to watch a production. The first thing that strikes you is the silence, echoing and dreary.

“Previously, everything worked, built-in a big way. Fully scenic shop, all the ovens were working. Was 2500, now 120. Very much production was reduced,” – says Tatiana.

Photograph of people working on the enterprise is extremely difficult: they are almost there.

After the sale of the plant producing three times changed owners.
Saves potential. “He still kept afloat, and it would already have collapsed everything,” says Tatiana. – The repair was long gone, no heating, the water through again, and what happens next is unclear”.

The artists who worked on the Union, went to other industries, the benefit of those formed a lot in the 90s. Many have already died, and the youth on the production comes: “do Not come to us, housing is not built, pay a penny, is paid with a delay of 8-9 months.
The artists nothing at all – they are in free flight. There is an order – they are paid, there is no order – do not pay”. Projects, new models of drawings lately, not created at all.


Gzhel pattern at first glance seems similar –
blue flowers on a white background. But it is not so, what we see in the halls of the Museum “Association Gzhel”, which presents works of art toys, and kitchenware masters of the Soviet time. Each of them turns out to be his own unique style that cannot be confused with another author.

It is almost the same to know than differs from Manet, Monet, only in Sochi:

Наталия Бессарабова

Если узор простой – в основном, цветочный – мазки крупные, ярко-синие, это Наталия Бессарабова. Именно она после Великой Отечественной войны приехала сюда восстанавливать промысел. Ее работы – первые в истории современной гжели.

Людмила Азарова

Если изделия сложные по форме и выполнены в основном темно-синей краской, мелкими мазками, а узор очень тонкий – это работа Людмилы Азаровой. В 1960-е гг. рисунок Азаровой определял весь облик гжели, она повлияла на многих современных мастеров.

Татьяна Дунашова

Если изделие не существует в одиночку – только в группе – и все разрисовано сеточкой, это Татьяна Дунашова.

Юрий Гаранин

Маленькие игрушки-фигурки, расписанные до мельчайших деталей – почерк Юрия Гаранина, специалиста по «малой пластике»

Gzhel patterns is the source of inspiration not only of porcelain, but also for fashion designers.

Star Gzhel

1990s became a watershed

While the horses were at the peak of glory thanks to the rapid take-off “Enterprises,” began the co-operative movement and like mushrooms after a rain began to appear private enterprise. With enterprises began to carry the materials, shapes, left and staff. New private factories were yesterday’s shop in the neighbouring villages and towns. So, the plant “Insulator” (now “Gzhel porcelain factory”), organized a workshop for the production of porcelain tableware, porcelain began to be manufactured in the workshops of the “Galaxy” and the cooperative “Blue Russia”, where in Soviet times was done on cardboard.

Their production of “Star stone” in the renovated buildings of local garages SMU-5 opened Yuri Scripal and Sergey Alekhin. Now the process is managed by their wives, Tatiana Skripel and Galina Alekhina.

They Gzhel fishery all his life. Shakespeare, here and nowhere else to work. Tatiana was born in the nearby village, have worked 12 years on “Association Gzhel” designer. The task was monotonous and not at all creative, you could sit all day and look for that lost cover. “It’s exciting for me to work with people and products,” says Tatyana Sergeevna.

We talk in the kitchen, a small production, this time carefully looking employee and asked: “Tatyana Sergeevna, why are you hiding from us?”. You need to be everywhere at once, the “Star” runs only about thirty people.

“Head everyone should be able to do confirms my idea Galina Konstantinovna. – At any time, people can get sick, not come to work. A production is a flywheel that won’t stop”.

When in the 1990s the neighboring production was in decline, Alyokhin opened a private Studio at home – the husband of Galina, Sergei, was an artist. The house was large, some of the rooms were empty – a bit saved up, bought a slip (soft porcelain mass approx. ed.), glaze, ordered from artists shape, hired girls-painters and began to engage China. So he worked until 2000, I wanted to enlarge the production, decided to join the team “Stars of Gzhel”.

During a conversation Galina nervously looks around today, “put the stove” – launch of the product in the first firing, it is necessary to follow the process. A minute ago Galina ran from one stove to another, dropped the plates and cups in the muddy white solution (as it turned out later – in the frosting), I barely managed to stop her.

“And what you wanted to do? Always wanted to work with porcelain?”, –ask. “I dreamed of becoming an architect, – says Galina Konstantinovna. The question suddenly distracting beyond my “Gzhel” interest. – Dad was a Builder, it was really interesting, I wanted to plan at home. Still this feeling of the lack of fulfilment I was sitting – didn’t work out”.

Gzhel is a big black hole that’s sucking. No one working on the production of a man who would do such a thing is not loved, but dreams often, this place is really buries, people live according to the principle of “where was born there and handy”.

Today, the “Star of stone” two shop No. 1, experimental, “Workshop of Alekhine”, which produces a range of luxury and refined product, and # 2 – “Shop STS” (Scribal Tatiana Sergeevna) with the products accessible to the average buyer. The main feature of the “Star of stone” – thin porcelain. In the production of large quantities of such porcelain is impossible – it would break or when moving or when sending.

In General, work ordinary laws of the market, buyers “distributed enterprise.” Resellers gain product in different industries and sent to Ekaterinburg to Makhachkala from Moscow to Kamchatka to Yakutsk in Russia and abroad. “50% of production orders, – says Tatiana Sergeevna. – We go via the Internet, according to rumors, in stores. Arriving at the store, look at the product and ask where this product. Our products are everywhere, even Putin.

— Our products are everywhere, even in Putin — Tatiana Skripel


the Annual market volume of Gzhel products is just over 200 million rubles, individual farmers, craftsmen add to the income of 40-50 million rubles annually.

The cheapest and high quality Gzhel can be purchased only on site. As long as the product travels from Sochi to Moscow, its cost grows at 700-850 rubles.


Despite the high quality of products, skill of the authors, the production is private, and therefore there is no uniform quality control. Asked whether it is possible to consider this crockery, toys, authentic Gzhel, which all come here?

– This question was relevant initially, – Tatyana Sergeevna. – Clay, glaze, cobalt, all the same, the recipe is the same. Training school masters of Gzhel ceramic technical school (now College GSU). Therefore, to distinguish between Gzhel’, which is released in the “Association Gzhel” and in neighbouring enterprises, it is impossible. But where do underground, in the garage, no quality no. There are Amateurs, they only earn money.

– Gradation clear to spend very difficult – says Tatiana Sivova, Deputy chief of the painter of “Gzhel porcelain factory”. Nobody cracoviae another, every company produces its product with its paintings. We are all different from each other are different, each with its own buyer. Sometimes, I am to explain what is fake and what is not. Yes, it is impossible now to explain it! You will come to the shop and choose what you like. We release products and top grade, and low grade, the extras – but the painting is still manual. It’s still – Gzhel.

Nevertheless, a number of features that distinguish a genuine painting from a fake, there is still:


Ceramics is not only about porcelain. Historically, that modern horses are primarily porcelain, it is the most durable and easy to use. All of the Gzhel clay-Budenovskogo field “baked” and majolica and pollutans (technically it is nedians – a porous crock, at least a high firing temperature, this was done only in Sochi), porcelain, and only in the XIX century began to make porcelain.

Majolica is a product of a colored pottery clay with a thick and porous shard covered with white enamel (color a dull glaze) and painted on the wet surface. In Europe, majolica served decorative purposes, and in the Gzhel produced necessary in the daily life of dishes: plates, dinner sets, mugs, jugs.

Products from pottery have a dense fine-pored crock (usually white), covered with transparent or dull (opaque) glaze. For the manufacture of faience used the same materials as for the production of porcelain (changing only the ratio of components), and similar technology (differences in the mode of firing).

Small production and private workshops today can afford unprecedented in the USSR luxury – in addition to the standard, classic blue and white tableware, to revive color painting and more – to make products not only from China but also from majolica.

Gzhel porcelain factory


three years after the opening of the “Star of stone”, in 2003, was created one more enterprise – “Gzhel porcelain factory”.

Outwardly, the largest and rich in plant looks, but like all others, very unpredictable.

Its CEO became the head of the former shop of the plant “Insulator” Peter Sivov. The formal “Gzhel porcelain factory” is not even created and “restored”: the current Gzhel – last factory Kuznetsov – traces its history to 1818. Gradually the plant became the largest among the local industries.

For her Gzhel – in the truest sense of the word a family affair. Great-grandfather technologist, husband, Director of the plant. She works in a factory as a painter and is fond of majolica is almost forgotten today, the technology of production of ceramics, which revive artisans, local enthusiasts.

In 1929, the production was transferred to “the Moscow insulator factory”, where together with the insulators in Soviet times, managed to secretly produce consumer goods – dishes with simple Gzhel painting.

Today, the plant has the status of a folk art that provides certain benefits if the product is artistic councils at all levels, it does not pay VAT, plus subsidies at 80% certified products but and inconvenience. There are unspoken “limits of decency”: the company can not afford to “fall to Chinese”, says Tatiana – to produce only what the customer wants, small Souvenirs, for example. By the way, the legendary “Association Gzhel” recently deprived of the status of folk crafts.

the Process


manufacturing time from start to warehouse the product take up 100 times.

Studio Gzhel

Young our production is not interested, says Tatiana Skripel (“Star of stone”). They could come, but we do not take them – the old have your period to work out.

But young artists into the factories and do not seek: apparently, came the new era of private masters working with piece goods to order. Artist Dmitry Konovalov, Professor of design in Gzhel Institute and College, came to Gzhel from Kolomna: “I graduated from the University, spent two years in restoration – wanted to restore the temples. Then it was closer to the sculpture, looking where to enter – like in Architecture and sculpture in Moscow, but it was expensive – parents could never have afforded this. Come to Gzhel”.

First Dima was working on itself, has now decided to organize a creative group of students and graduates of our University. The room under the shop, which previously housed a dining room rented from the “Association Gzhel”.

– “Old” we are, however, not immediately accepted, but is already beginning to quietly accept, – says Dmitry while through the deserted corridors we go into the Studio “Studio painting”. Inside is a mini – factory with machine tools, the Soviet party for painters, caricatures on the walls. Feel the atmosphere of low-budget youth Studio at a glance workshop can be taken as the Cabinet club.

“I have done here is the case gpsmodule plant – grinding machine, with which you can do the vase” – proudly shows Dima.

I like it here, there, and in the morning go. Usually at the stage of molding the product is not show, but will show you. Ilya Muromets will be a shield and shield watch. Here is the watch – not completed, “the farm” is called. The girl – Annie, my girl name is Annie, here with her and sculpted.

I barely have time to examine everything that shows the wizard. Notice that the finished products are almost no – solid form, thrown cups, plates, saucers, neraspisannyy raw meals.

In Moscow, Dima likes to travel, says, “the atmosphere is annoying”, though sister and parents live there.

Ideas Dima has a lot of ambition even more. The plan is to do lighting “like Tiffany’s”: “We are about a year here now at the stage of development. Here at Mastowska porcelain factory Studio, Mason – there is a youth who does some creative things. As well, and then there is “old” that traditional products do, and there we are.”

I want a modern twist, in a modern design are certain to do stuff. Here at “Tiffany” lampshades made of colored glass are collected, and the bottom they have metal – I will have to go porcelain.

“Pomegranate” Dima and his crew are preparing for an exhibition of ceramics Gzhel. In this form they are already experimenting – combine traditional porcelain base and add “bones” grenade glass. Dima says our incredulous smiles, caused by the dissonance of Napoleon’s plans and his shirts with Mickey mouse, and explains:

– I want to attract guys who are finishing College and looking for a place where to go on a single plant, on the other – and want to do something of their own. I want to create a…cooperative. There is no “sit, write!”, “and you sit and pee!”, to this was not. We participate in exhibitions and sell our products. Here I am and artist, and technologist, and the guys in front of me. Girls paint my products, we consulted. If I don’t have ideas, they have carried out their orders and earn.

One life cycle is over, Gzhel again passed into private hands. For whom the future: for plants or artisan will know tomorrow. Most importantly – saved lives and craft, known for centuries all over the world.


Leo plus Leo

Россиянин Роман Бурцев готов доказать своё родство с Ди Каприо

Reading time 2 minutes

the Photo: Komsomolskaya Pravda

Double Leonardo DiCaprio thirty-year-old Russian Roman Burtsev has expressed readiness to undergo a DNA test to prove a direct relationship with Bursevich DiCaprio.

The last film involving the world’s superkara the Novel did not like implausible, explains a double, but the game “relative” of the novel as a whole estimated at “Oscar”, which was ready in some way to help.

He nominated for the award makes no secret of its Russian roots: the story was such that after the October revolution, grandmother of the future six-time nominee for “Oscar” was taken by his parents to Germany. For a long time she lived in West Germany where she met her future husband William in 1955, the year they both emigrated to the United States.

In 2010 at the “Tiger summit” in conversation with Vladimir Putin, Leonardo said that despite the departure from Russia at an early age my grandmother still spoke Russian. Moreover, the actor’s grandfather was also Russian, it turns out that the actor is half Russian.

Burtsev, as you know, not the first double DiCaprio: last year a “clone” Leo was the 21-year-old bartender from Sweden, but he has received such massive attention.