Nazarbayev has left. What will be with the Kazakh Internet?

Kazakhstan was blocking up to nine thousand sites per year

Reading time 4 minutes

The first and the only president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, announced his resignation. Over 28 years of his reign many sites were blocked in the country. Among them are «Medusa», Ozon, «Pikabu», Reddit, Giphy.

Nursultan Nazarbayev in the office of IT-company Chocofamily

Terrorism, extremism, propaganda of suicide and violence – this are reasons why the authorities banned sites. The history of blocking sites began in the mid-2000s. Opposition editions which criticized the government were immediately blocked. However, the problem could easily be solved with a VPN.

In July 2009, the law was passed in Kazakhstan, according to which all Internet resources are equal to the media. After that, courts could prohibit any sites if they contained information inconvenient to the authorities.

In the following years, the largest social networks and instant messengers were disconnected periodically in the country. Among them were YouTube and Facebook. In June 2016, there was a terrorist attack in the city of Aktobe. Then the Internet and mobile communications stopped working at the same time. A panic arose in the city: Aktobe residents could not contact their relatives to find out about their condition.

Information about the permanent blocking of YouTube on the ping-admin site

Popular Russian Internet resources also came under the distribution. The first banned platform in Kazakhstan was LiveJournal. In 2011, the site was accused of propaganda of terrorism and religious extremism. In 2014, due to the material about local separatists, the online edition «Medusa» which was just launched, was also blocked.

2017 was the most memorable year in the history of the kaznet. Then Pikabu, Ozon. Book24 and Labirint were blocked. Resources posted books which were banned in Kazakhstan. Among them are the «Strike of the Russian Gods», «Islamic Akida», «Al-Fawaid».

In the same year about nine thousand sites were banned. Resources, according to the authorities, engaged in the propaganda of terrorism, extremism, violence and suicide. There is no official list of blocked sites in Kazakhstan, but the Kazbt project is existing. On this platform, you can check whether the site is available in the country.

Pandora’s box

Единый портал персональных данных может появиться в России уже в 2019 году

Reading time 6 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

What happened?

In the draft programme of Digital economy forum, sent by the Ministry of communications to the government in early may, the establishment in Russia of a unified portal of personal data was mentioned. It is assumed that on the website the user will be able to see to whom he provided details of your passport and, if desired, to limit their future use. The project should start work in 2019.

What is the idea of the portal?

Ilya Massukh, President of the information democracy Foundation, in the interview to the newspaper “Izvestia” explained the principle of operation of the single portal of personal data. The author of the project believes the website will help people to control information about themselves, which they leave in the Internet and outside of it. Massukh proposes to introduce a special fixing system using the passport data, which will help to find out who exactly has the right to use them.

For example, the citizen at the entrance to the protected object was required to present a passport. The guard recorded the necessary data and returned the document, but the informationwas already transferred to the company that will be able to dispose of at their discretion. The project requires that this fact be recorded on a single portal of personal data where the user will be able to see to whom he provided information about themselves, and to restrict its further use.

Ilya Massukh said that the creation of the personal data portal requires the adoption of new legislation relating to the collection and use of personal data. It is necessary to determine the order of entering to the site information on obtaining data of the passport and to establish responsibilities for organizations that will forget to do it. To regulate the operation of the portal, according to the idea of Massukh, Roskomnadzor will be involved: “This question has been discussed with them”. The source of financing of the project, however, has not yet been determined.

How to work the portal?

Single portal of personal data, according to the creators, will be similar to modern smartphone apps. They, when you download or first use, prompt the user for permission to access the special features of the phone: camera, notification, etc. Person may agree to the terms or reject them. Refusal of the application required capabilities, however, will lead to its deinstallation.

In the case of the uniform portal the user can monitor the data usage of his/her passport. It will be enough to login, presumably with the help of personal data. Next, the user will be prompted to see which organizations have the rights to use the information, and, if desired, to limit those rights. The restriction, according to the idea of the portal will be done in a single click and does not require considerable effort.

Experts’ opinion

Despite the apparent convenience and productivity of the single portal of personal data, some experts reacted to the idea with skepticism. So, Karen Kazaryan, chief analyst at the Russian Association for electronic communications, believes that website creation would entail a new problem:

Kazarian“In European countries this form of interaction provided. In Europe this is done by independent organizations. Roskomnadzor has very many duties, his representatives do not always have time to deal with personal data. The creation of such a portal may impair the protection of personal data of users against leaks”

However, other experts considered the idea of a portal quite feasible and even expressed their ideas for its improvement. Managing partner of the company “Softest” Vladimir Varfolomeev, for example, suggested to use the website portal of public services to login. This model, according to Varfolomeyev, will allow to avoid errors and ensure all citizens equal opportunities of access the new portal.

Public opinion

RIA-Novosti, after the publication of news about the creation of a single portal of personal data, launched vote for users in which they were asked to assess the prospects of the bill. In the survey participated 5037 people, and the results have been disappointing. Only 10% of voters believe that the single portal will be useful the rest were divided into two roughly equal camps. The first believe that an effective website is necessary to punish violators (40%), and the second at all think that the portal will not be effective under any circumstances (50%).

Hit.Media has decided to conduct its own survey with the same answers, but among a younger audience. As it turned out, young people in relation to the project of the single portal is more optimistic. Of the 103 respondents, 33% believe in the possible success of the website, 37% attended to the need to punish offenders and only 30% felt that the portal will not work as it should.

Additional information:

 

“I hope, my last word will not be the last”

Блогеру Соколовскому грозит три с половиной года колонии за ловлю покемонов в храме

Reading time 12 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

What happened?

The prosecution demanded to sentence the new Ruslan Sokolovsky to three and a half years in a penal colony. This statement in the judicial debates in the Ekaterinburg district court gave the Prosecutor Ekaterina Kalinina. In her speech, she also noted that a blogger accused of extremism and insulting the feelings of believers, expresses a negative attitude not only to the Church but to the state as a whole. “The information in the video “Anus itself block, Roskomnadzor”, shows how Sokolowski refers to the state, the President, the citizens. Expression of disrespect to the state is unacceptable, and suspended sentence will only breed a sense of impunity,” – said Kalinin. Ruslan Sokolovsky, in turn, is not guilty. The final verdict will be announced on 11 may at 11 o’clock.

what judge Sokolowski?

In early August of 2016 blogger filmed a prank video about how he plays the popular mobile game Pokemon Go in the Temple-on-Blood in Ekaterinburg. A video posted on the Youtube channel Sokolowski, attracted the attention of both media and the Ministry of internal Affairs. A few weeks later the blogger was arrested on charges of offending religious feelings (article 148 of the criminal code) and inciting hatred or enmity, and humiliation of human dignity (article 282 of the criminal code). First, Sokolovsky was placed in jail, but the defense appealed this decision, and he was transferred under house arrest.

During the investigation it became known that since may 2013 to September 2016 Sokolowski posted on his channel nine videos that, according to experts, contain signs of extremism and insults the feelings of believers. In addition, after searching the apartment of blogger, the investigation found a ballpoint pen with a hidden camera in the housing. This finding has led to the fact that Sokolovsky, among other things, accused in one episode according to the article 138 of the criminal code (trafficking of special technical means for secret obtaining of information) – use hidden camera.

At the time of trial Sokolovsky accused of committing 17 criminal episodes.

What is the reaction of the accused?

During the meeting on April 28 Ruslan Sokolovsky made the last word. The blogger admitted that he was shocked by the requested time: “I was in jail and realize that this is only a prelude to hell.”

Sokolovsky also said he still considers himself an atheist, a cosmopolitan and libertarian without any religion and nationality. According to videoblogger in prison, he met many believers and realized how vulnerable and sensitive they really are. Despite this blogger about religion have not changed. Some of the offended believers threatened Sokolowski rape. The reasons for this hate blogger doesn’t understand.

“I am not an extremist. I may be an idiot, but I am in no way an extremist. As told by the experts, is not my fault that I denied God, and that I denied God using math. And I don’t know since when the Mat is considered to be extremism”, – said Sokolowski, before thanking the public for their support.

Also, the blogger admitted that he knows, if he survives in prison and released after three and a half years, you will lose everything that he has now: work, school, girls.

“I hope, my last word will not be the last,” added Sokolowski.

Why Sokolovsky generally hunted in the temple?

In the summer of 2016, when the scandalous video Sokolovsky only beginning to gain popularity, many YouTube viewers were convinced that the main goal of the blogger is to cause as much “hype” (hype) around his person. In response to this, Sokolowski recorded another video, which explained his position: “Many people are accusing me that I pursue HYIP. But, you know, first, all bloggers are chasing the hype because it is the work of blogger. And secondly, if I really was chasing a HYIP, I would now filmed DIY (stands for Do It Yourself – “do it with your hands.” Sokolowski says on the popular online video-lessons hand-made approx.ed.), but not video, which I could go to jail. It just has a more difficult path”.Also, the blogger added that catching pokemon in the temple is, first and foremost, a protest against the law on insulting the feelings of believers: “We don’t have to live in a country where we are bound hand and foot because of some sectarians. Why do they come to schools and teach some “Word of God”, and we teach the theory of evolution in the churches have no right?”.

In addition, Sokolovsky assured his audience that to insult or humiliate any he was not going: “I wanted to draw attention to the problem of obscurantism, but not to insult any specific people. I, in fact, did nothing wrong – was in the temple with the phone. All”.

How to relate to the ongoing social network users?

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Leonid Volkov, head of the election headquarters of Alexei Navalny tweeted:

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Alexey Navalny, commenting on the severity of the sentence, wrote the following:

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Sports journalist Vasily Utkin and does put forward his own theory, which explains the drop in popularity of Pokemon Go:

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What is the “law on insulting the feelings of believers”?

Blasphemy laws exist in many countries. Their main task is to protect the citizens belonging to a particular faith from harassment. The attitude of legislators to the defamation of religion varies greatly from sentence to death for insulting Islam (Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia), or long imprisonment (Indonesia, Algeria, India) to complete absence of structure of a crime (European Union, USA).

In Russia up to 2013, the insult of feelings of believers was considered only an administrative offence. Under the ban got the deliberate desecration of the liturgical books and religious documents and ritual objects of special veneration: signs, emblems, slogans and symbols.

In early June 2013 the State Duma adopted the amendment to increase liability “for insulting the feelings of believers.” On 29 June, the law approved by the Federation Council entered into force. The most significant change was the establishment of criminal liability in the form of imprisonment for “public actions expressing clear disrespect for society and committed to insult the religious feelings of believers”.

expert Comments specifically for HIT.MEDIA:

Gleb Bogush

Gleb Bogush, PhD, associate Professor, faculty of law, HSE:

— I believe that this whole process is the unjustified use of criminal law and misappropriation of state resources needed for more important and useful purposes. For example, the fight against terrorism.

In Russia up to 2013, the insult of feelings of believers was considered only an administrative offence. Under the ban got the deliberate desecration of the liturgical books and religious documents and ritual objects of special veneration: signs, emblems, slogans and symbols.

In early June 2013 the State Duma adopted the amendment to increase liability “for insulting the feelings of believers.” On 29 June, the law approved by the Federation Council entered into force. The most significant change was the establishment of criminal liability in the form of imprisonment for “public actions expressing clear disrespect for society and committed to insult the religious feelings of believers”.

expert Comments specifically for HIT.MEDIA:

Gleb Bogush

Gleb Bogush, PhD, associate Professor, faculty of law, HSE:

— I believe that this whole process is the unjustified use of criminal law and misappropriation of state resources needed for more important and useful purposes. For example, the fight against terrorism.

Punishment Sokolowski requested by the representative of the state prosecution, is not only an act of extraordinary cruelty, but demand not in accordance with the law. In accordance with the Criminal code (article 60), the sentence must reflect the public danger of the crime and the identity of the perpetrator, take into account the influence of the appointed punishment on correction of the perpetrator and the living conditions of his family. Even if we agree that the actions Sokolowski contain structure of the crime to imprison a young person for a non – violent act- the measure is unjustified. Isolation from society is the exclusive means, especially in relation to persons not previously convicted. It is obvious that she is beyond any reasonable court of coercive measures. We should not forget that the requested sentence Sokolowski exceeds the maximum term of punishment for some kinds of murder (intentional killing of another person).

I’d like to remind the Prosecutor that the provisions of the Criminal code for him as required, both for the court and other state bodies. Of course, far beyond the powers of the Prosecutor are heard in the debate Sokolowski wishes to leave the state because he supposedly negatively related to it. A negative attitude to the state, not to mention the individual institutions, if it is not manifested in illegal actions, is not subject to criminal-legal assessment. Freedom of opinion and expression is guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and international law. Not the Prosecutor to decide where and how must the citizens of the Russian Federation.

The use of deprivation of liberty in the fight against free speech is futile and harmful.

The blog is in prison not jail. Unlike blogger, unfortunately.

read more:

Now you can, Mr. Erdogan!

Референдум в Турции наделяет президента «султанскими» полномочиями

Reading time 8 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

What happened?

Held on 16 April referendum, the majority of Turkish citizens voted for the introduction of the 18th amendment to the Constitution of the country. According to these amendments, the Republic of Turkey changed the form of government from a parliamentary to presidential, and the President is concentrating in their hands almost unlimited power. Thus abolishes the post of Prime Minister, the President is entitled to appoint Ministers and other senior officials, as well as the majority of constitutional court judges without the approval of Parliament. He controls the state budget, can dissolve the Parliament and to enter in the country state of emergency. After the entry into force of amendments in the Constitution, Erdogan will remain head of state until 2029 as the current term of his presidency will be cancelled.

At the same time, the Parliament will have the power to impeach. The number of deputies will increase from 550 to 600, and presidential and parliamentary elections will be held on the same day every 5 years.

‘ll Wait if “strong hand”?

Supported at the referendum of constitutional amendments in most of them should enter into force after the next presidential election, scheduled for November 2019. Opposition politicians fear that Erdogan will be able to obtain additional authority before this term, however, the Deputy Prime Minister Mehmet Simsek assured that nothing of the sort is planned.

The opposition leader Fethullah Gulen, see in the upcoming reform of the “hard dictatorship” and the collapse of democracy in the country.

The idea of “strong hand” gained popularity in the Turkish society especially after the failed military coup in July 2016. After the referendum, Erdogan rally in Istanbul promised to raise the issue of the return of the death penalty, which Turkey has been formally abolished in 2002 as the fulfillment of the requirements of the European Union on the admission of the country into its ranks.

feedback on the referendum

Before the end of counting of votes of the opposition “Republican people’s party” (CHP) has questioned the legitimacy of the vote, demanding a recount of up to 60% of the vote. The reason was sudden change rules of acceptance of ballots. According to the Chairman of the CHP Kemal kılıçdaroğlu, the commissions began to accept ballots without the seal, although such ballots were considered invalid.

Manfred Weber, the German politician and the leader of the center-right group, wrote on Twitter: “Regardless of the outcome of the referendum Erdogan split the country.”

After the April referendum American CNN said that Turkish democracy was dead, and the counting of votes was rigged.

The President of the United States trump congratulated Erdogan on winning the referendum and thanked for the support of the American missile attack in response to “the use of chemical weapons” in Flibe.

Context: Turkish-Russian relations

In 2015, Russia’s relations with Turkey have deteriorated sharply because of a downed Turkish fighter jet Russian su-24, which carried out the bombing site near the Syrian-Turkish border. In this regard, has suspended sale of vacation packages to Turkey, in November 2015 Vladimir Putin signed a decree a ban on the import of certain types of goods into the territory of the Russian Federation. In response, Turkey refused from Russian grain. Because of the embargo on the Turkish vegetables, the price of tomatoes in Russia, according to some experts, has increased three times. Overall both sides suffered losses amounting to billions of dollars.

In June 2016 Recep Tayyip Erdogan has sent Vladimir Putin a letter of apology for the downed aircraft and talked to him on the phone bilateral relations. After that, the sale of tours to Turkey resumed. In December 2016 in Ankara was killed by Russian Ambassador Andrei Karlov, which Russia suspended the debate on the abolition of visas for Turkish citizens.

From January 2017 for the first time Russia together with the Turkish armed forces began to strike back at terrorist groups in Syria. However, the positions of countries on the Syrian conflict differ substantially with respect to some opposing the government of Syria groups, as well as President Bashar al-Assad.

the Mikhail Delyagin, writer:

– Finding essentially absolute power, Erdogan has taken a clear anti-Russian position along with trump calling for Assad’s responsibility for chemical attack in Idlib and declaring us “grain war.” The hostility of Erdogan’s actions are obvious. Probably, it is supposed that “Russian is not going anywhere” and will endure all for the sake of the recovery of tourism and the creation of the “Turkish stream”.

backwards – from the European Union?

Supporters of Turkey’s accession to the EU believe that the country is “global geo-strategic player” and a “bridge between West and East.” Opponents point to the non-observance by Turkey of the principles of liberal democracy, such as freedom of speech.

According to Erdogan, in 2015, only 20% of the population wanted the joining of Turkey to the EU, while in 2005 this number reached 75%. Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Bulent ARINC said that the accession to the European Union ceased to be of interest to the citizens of the country.

expert Opinion

Researcher, Institute of Oriental studies Ilshat Saitov specifically for Hit.media:

– Presidential system implies a different management style. In a parliamentary system, erdoğan has been a kind of exception: after Ataturk and Ismet Inonu, the first two leaders of the Republic, which were quite authoritarian and rigid, had been introduced a multi-party system, Turkey has become more democratic and pluralistic. Erdogan returned to the days of one-party system, lays the Foundation for the next President had far greater powers than the Prime Minister in a parliamentary Republic. Strategically it will affect Russian-Turkish relations.

the Sergey Tsyplyaev, Dean of the law faculty of the Northwest Institute of managment, member of Committee of Civil initiatives (in an interview to “echo of Moscow”):

– Turkey froze in that position like a pendulum at the top – where’s it headed? Or she will go further in the direction of modernization on the road, which started Kemal Ataturk, pulling the Turkey out of the world of the Middle East, or it fell in the same vortex when you will be irremovable, weak, corrupt regimes. And then the entire opposition, in the absence of other options, will begin to take on terrorist, extremist, fanatical character.

About Kislyak are not supposed to ask

Почему МИД не ответил на вопросы журналистов, а суд отклонил их иск о нарушении закона о СМИ

Reading time 6 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

What happened?

11 APR Presnensky court rejected claim of the publication of “the Media” to the Russian foreign Ministry filed April 7, after the failure of the Ministry to provide the requested information. The claim about “illegal omission” was a reaction to the publication on the refusal to provide information about the meetings of the Russian Ambassador to the U.S. Sergei Kislyak with Senator Jeff Sissom and Advisor to the President of Donald trump Jared Kushner. In addition to the “Media” was interested in who the Russians contacted the former head of the electoral headquarters of the trump by Paul Manafort.

The court justified its decision on the claim from the editor-in-chief of the edition Sergey Smirnov fact that it was filed in the administrative proceeding, and this case belongs in the civil, not the same thing.

what is the essence of the claim to the Ministry of foreign Affairs?

March 3 “the Media” addressed to the Director of the Department of information and press of the Russian foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova to confirm or refute the fact of the meeting Sergei Kislyak and Jeff and Roman sessions.

Sergei Kislyak
Sergey Kislyak

As previously reported, The Washington Post, us Senator, now occupying the post of US attorney General, before the entry into this post twice met with the Russian Ambassador. Then, sessions hid this information, having declared at the hearings in the Senate that did not meet Kislyak as a representative of the team trump. Journalists interested in however, “what issues were discussed during contact”, and the status of performed sessions.

After the first treatment of the foreign Ministry left the questions of Russian media attention, so “the Media” on 18 March sent a second request. On March 27, the Ministry did respond to him, saying that the information about the contacts of Russian diplomats will not be granted.

has Been violated media law?

Edition of “the Media” have considered the refusal of the Ministry of foreign Affairs illegal as according to media law a journalist has the right to access any information unless it contains “information constituting a state, commercial or other specially protected by law secret”.

Sergey Smirnov
Sergey Smirnov

As notes the editor-in-chief Sergey Smirnov, authorities often leave journalists ‘ requests without attention. In his claim, “the Media” asked the court to oblige the Ministry to provide the necessary information and pay the state duty in the amount of 300 rubles.

Maria Zakharova
Maria Zakharova

Maria Zakharova, commenting on the situation, said “People are sitting and PR. Let them tell you how many times and in what form the foreign Ministry sent them.”

Sergey Smirnov commented on Twitter the court’s decision:

Comments Sergey Smirnov

 

 

 

 

 

 

expert

Alexey GoloshchapovAlexey Goloshchapov, PhD, associate Professor, faculty of law, HSE, Department of theory and history of law:

– Non-public information means a state, commercial or other specially protected by the law secret. The state is not obliged to disclose the reason for their actions, that are accepted by various conventions and agreements.

For example, in the “Vienna Convention on the law of treaties” governed by a political tact, diplomacy and legal etiquette. I think that it is the court planned to refer the Ministry of foreign Affairs, and his opponent — the law “On mass media”, which is based on the General regulations and may be limited to other international agreements.

Moreover, there are many unspoken rules of communication between countries for which some information should not be divulged to any of the parties. I’m not surprised that the court rejected the prosecution, and the reason is not confusion with administrative and civil claims, and that there is no real mechanism that could force the authorities to answer all the questions or hold them accountable for refusing to provide information.

read more:

The law against «groups of death»

Правительство РФ поддержало законопроект об ужесточении наказания за побуждение к суициду

Reading time 8 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

What happened?

Tenth day of March the official website of the Russian government published positive opinion the bill, Vice speaker of the state Duma Irina Yarovaya, providing for toughening of responsibility for incitement to suicide.

The document notes the need to prohibit “the dissemination of information promoting suicide.” Now it is illegal to distribute only the information about methods of suicide and calls for it.

The bill already approved by the Supreme court, interior Ministry, Investigative Committee, Ministry of education and Roskomnadzor.

The essence of the bill

The project involves the amendment of article 110 of the Criminal code. The responsibility proposed for the “encouragement of suicide” and “assisted suicide”, in addition to the existing paragraph on “incitement to suicide”. Despite the fact that “incitement” is interpreted as “cruel treatment or systematic humiliation of human dignity of the victim”, and “declination” means “persuasion, bribery, offers, deception”.

It is proposed to increase the maximum penalty to 12 years old (now he is 5 years).

Spring notes that the main goal of the project is the fight against Internet criminals. The project involves the introduction of a separate article for the involvement of minors in the “group of death”. Activities of such communities, in his opinion, is “remote killing”, against which measures need to be taken.

“Bill, we the first in Russia to put a barrier to those who entices children to suicide, and those who organize deadly games for children, such as “Run or die”, “Fairy”, “shaping” creates “group of death” in social networks,” says Spring.

Authorities approve

Russian President Vladimir Putin has approved the initiative to expand the list of acts entailing criminal liability, during his speech at the Collegium of the Ministry of interior. The President stressed that the sites that affect children and adolescents with unstable mentality and advocating suicide, are a serious problem.

Authorized under the RF President on the rights of the child Anna Kuznetsova also spoke in support of the bill, saying that now the Internet against children “is a real war”, and the number of cases of child suicide is increasing. “This is unacceptable and must be strictly prosecuted by legal means”, – concluded the Ombudsman.

The first Deputy Chairman of the Duma Committee on security Ernest Valeev has declared that the existing punishment for the crime is not enough. On the question of a possible infringement of the freedom of the Internet, Valeev said that he sees the danger, and that the blocking of illegal sites is now provided by law.

Deadly games

In February Irina Spring said that over the past year, 720 children had committed suicide, and for the last three years committed suicide 2205 children. The MP stressed that the promotion of suicide comes from the Internet, in particular from the so-called “groups of death”.

The theme of the urge to suicide was widely discussed after publications “the New newspaper” in which it was said that for half a year killed 130 children, consisting in certain online communities.

In such groups the participants were asked to play a game where the last mission was to kill myself. If the participant refused to perform the task, the curators of the game threatened to kill his relatives. The symbol of these groups was the whale – an animal that supposedly is capable of consciously committing suicide by jumping to shore.

Children joined the community, such as “the Blue whale” or “Sea of whales”. Then the curators began to send them puzzles, videos, audio recordings and tasks (for example, to climb on the roof or go on the rails). During the game the children were convinced that they were elected, and that suicide is bad.

In November 2016 according to article 110 of the was sentenced Philip Bodaken, the administrator of one of these groups. He was charged with incitement to suicide.

“Anya was afraid of loneliness”

It was in the eighth grade. Anna was my friend. She was communicative and very beautiful. Well-studied, wrote poetry. Hanging out is not loved, she liked the cozy get-togethers with friends in a cafe or home. She lived with her mother and grandmother, was an only child whose parents loved and spoiled.

That evening we talked to her on the phone. Vkontakte then she asked me to wish her luck. I asked: “Why?” “Right!”. I said, “good Luck.”

Morning at school we were told that Anya died, jumped out the window with the twenty-fourth floor. We at first did not understand, about what speech. Someone started to call her but the phone was unavailable. To us did not get that this man is no more. The psychologist and the teacher didn’t know how to behave with us.

Later, at a school Assembly, showed a hacked Facebook page, found messages in which she was inclined to suicide: “You’re too beautiful for this life.” Wrote that someday she’ll be alone, but in the next life all will be eternal. In the evening of the fatal day she got her status on Facebook: “Monophobia. Reincarnation”. More likely Anya was afraid of loneliness.

Expert’s opinion

Why children are involved in a deadly game? Psychologist Lyudmila Chebotareva believes that the reasons are of the most banal: out of curiosity, just for company, nothing to do, and sometimes fatal role plays randomly open a page on the Internet. But most importantly: why the child remains in the “group of death”?

“If the child is psychologically healthy and balanced, even taking part in this game, he soon gave it up. The situation is like addiction: not everyone who has tried to smoke will become a smoker. But if the child is non-adaptive, the game can not let go, it is easier to convince to do anything, even to hurt yourself.”

What does psychological maladjustment? It is generated by a complex of reasons, among them the conflicts in the family, betrayal of a friend, failure in school, low self-esteem and other traumatic psyche factors.

The scale of the disaster

The company “Cribrum” analyzed the content of Russian social networks and hashtag used by members of such groups, concluded that 1849 people in Moscow have expressed desire to play a deadly game. In the social network “Vkontakte” was found 9312 groups published similar hashtags.

statistics

Now Roskomnadzor is working with the administrators of social networking, experts are engaged in identifying and addressing suicidal content. Since the beginning of year 4 was blocked thousands of “groups of death”, and in just three years locked 14 thousand pages and sites with information about suicide.

What else to read:

 

By the absence of crime structure

Курганский суд отменил приговор Евгении Чудновец

Reading time 7 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

What happened?

March 6, at a closed meeting of the Presidium of the Kurgan court made the decision to release convicted Eugene Chudnovets, a kindergarten teacher from Yekaterinburg. She was serving a sentence for what he did repost the video where the counselor and the teacher of children’s camp mocked a half-naked boy. In December 2016 Chudnovets received 5 months in prison under article 242.1 of the criminal code of Russian Federation “Manufacturing and a turn of materials or subjects with pornographic images of minors”.

Personal photo Eugenia Chudnovets
Private photo of Eugenia Chudnovets
What movie?

For a movie lasting a few seconds drew the attention of the local police saw him in the group of Eugenia Chudnovets Vkontakte, where the teacher shared a video below, in her words, to draw public attention to the incident. She later deleted the video from your page.

This video was proof of the guilt of educators, Tatiana and Daniel Korchevoi Bezborodov from the children’s camp “Red eagles” who abused 10-year-old child. On interrogation the boy stated that prisoners were often allowed themselves such actions. Kurshev and the referee were found guilty in the case of the production of pornography, and the improper execution of duties on education of minors, they were given 6 and 3 years in prison, respectively.

On the basis of this video was sentenced Eugene Chudnovets.

Why Chudnovets condemned?
Eugene Chudnovets with son
Eugene Chudnovets with son

In February 2016 against Chudnovets opened a criminal case on child pornography, but the teacher only found out six months later. At the end of November 2016 Kurgan court decided to sentence the woman to 6 months in prison and her son to give up the guardianship.

Following a request by the prosecution to substitute the period of correctional work of the regional court reduced the term of imprisonment for one month and canceled the decision to transfer his son to Chudnovets to the shelter.

The husband of the teacher then stated that she is not going to file a petition for clemency. According to him, it would imply an admission of guilt.

What happened?
protesters against the verdict Chudnovets
the protesters against the verdict Chudnovets

In February 2017, the Deputy Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation Leonid Korzhinek has submitted cassation representation to the Supreme court asking to cancel the sentence of Eugenia Chudnovets. The petition stated that a criminal case must cease for lack of evidence. February 28, the Supreme court addressed the Kurgan regional court to review the sentence of a kindergartener.

March 6, at a closed meeting of the court confirmed that Chudnovets will be able to be released after the Nizhny Tagil colony, where she will receive the original documents. The evening of the same day Chudnovets the car was brought to Nizhny Tagil, where she met her husband.

Reactions

Anna Kuznetsova, the Commissioner for the rights of the child (November 2016):

“What a decision is when the person who has contributed the disclosure of the crime had been a responsibility, and her own child was on the verge of a children’s home?”

At a press conference in December of 2016, Vladimir Putin asked about Eugene Chudnovets and Ildar Dadina, to which the President replied:

“the specific individuals you mentioned, I honestly never even heard of the names of those not heard. I promise, look, I just don’t know how it was fair decision.”

At the end of January 2017, Dmitry Peskov, called the case “difficult” and assured that the issue is not left unattended, and after the cancellation of the sentence announced, which in this case was not without Putin’s intervention:

“I reiterate that the decisions of the courts must be respected. In this case, can only be welcomed, the President promised not to leave without attention, that’s what happened.”

Some link the decision of the Supreme courts and Kurgan directly with Vladimir Putin and the upcoming presidential elections in 2018.

Political Analyst Leonid Radzikhovskiy:

Analyst Leonid Radzikhovsky
political Analyst Leonid Radzikhovsky

“it is clear that there are no coincidences. Of course, it is a political decision taken in the administration of the President,” sure.”

Political Analyst Konstantin Kalachev:

political Analyst Konstantin Kalachev
political Analyst Konstantin Kalachev

“The decision is related to the presidential election, and the centenary of the revolution. Why the year of the centenary of the revolution to create victims? It provokes dissatisfaction. And now optimistic citizens will have the opportunity to talk about a thaw, about the fact that with the power to negotiate.”

Screenshot of the tweet
a Screenshot of a Twitter post

What else to read?

Payment rejected

Конституционный суд РФ признал решение Европейского суда по правам человека противоречащим Конституции

Reading time 3 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

What happened?

Today, January 19, the Constitutional court of the Russian Federation ended its session at the European court of human rights on the payment to former shareholders of YUKOS in the amount of €1,866 billion. The Court considered the judgment of 31 July 2014 and came to the conclusion that it cannot be performed by Russia, as its content is contrary to the Constitution of the country.

The Essence of the issue

In the summer of 2014, the former shareholders of Yukos filed a lawsuit in the European court of human rights to reimburse their costs from the liquidation of the company. The ECHR, despite the protest of the Russian side, satisfied the demands of the plaintiffs and ruled that Russia should pay € 1.86 billion in damages to the victims. The following appeal of the Ministry of justice of the Russian Federation was rejected.

The Ministry of justice questioned the possibility of the execution of judgments of the ECHR and filed the constitutional court to review the decision of the European court for conformity with the Constitution. The meeting was scheduled for January 19, and, contrary to fears of sceptics, ended on time.

Announcing the results, Chairman Valery Zorkin said that the enforcement of the ECHR decision is impossible. According to the court, decisions of international courts should not contradict the provisions of the Constitution. Zorkin also said that Russia has the right to partially satisfy the claims of former shareholders of Yukos within the framework of “goodwill”, however, means for this cannot be taken from the budget of the Russian Federation.

The authorities

The first Deputy Chairman of the Duma Committee on state building and law Mikhail Emelyanov called the constitutional court’s decision “completely natural”. The MP also noted that most ECHR decisions have political overtones, that casts doubt on the impartiality of the Western Themis:

“The YUKOS Case” and “the law of Dima Yakovlev” are sensational cases, as they affect the interests of many people, but there are less high profile case, which is also seen the political partisanship of the ECHR

The official Kremlin refused to comment on the decision of the COP, leaving judicial matters in it’s jurisdiction. However, the press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov said that Russia will continue to protect its interests in international law.

Additional information:

 

A cassation appeal on the case of Dadin

Адвокаты осужденного активиста пытаются обжаловать приговор

Reading time 3 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!



November 10th Ildar Dadin’s protection in the face of Xenia Kostromina and Alexei Liptser filed an appeal against the judgment of the Basmanny Court, as through social networks said the wife of the convicted person, accompanied by his statement a photograph of the first page of the document.

Ildar Dadin was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment in a penal colony December 2015. Later, thanks to appeal, this period was shortened by six months.

In autumn 2016, the activist was transferred to the Karelian penal colony № 7, located in Segezha, where he is at the moment placed in a punishment cell – a punishment cell. November 1 Dadin wife Anastasia Zotova published a letter, which a day earlier wrote to her lawyer Alexei Lipcer with the words of his client. In the letter, he gives details of regular beatings, abuse and torture (both in relation to themselves and to other prisoners) by the administration of the colony, as well as the threat of murder in case of complaints. Following the text on the display in Segezha colony №7 started testing, during which it became clear that the majority of video interviews already exists.

Ildar Dadin
Ildar Dadin

The overall outcome of inspections became official denial information FSIN (Federal Penitentiary Service). Later, the wife of a convicted person with his words recorded that the unauthorized actions of the leadership did not stop on the other prisoners.

Russian opposition activist, who was convicted under Article 212.1 of the Criminal Code for “repeated violations of the rules of public events”, became the first person in his 34 years, who brought the case with this formulation, and is still the only one. International Human Rights Society “Memorial” recognizes him as a political prisoner.

Action in support of Dadin
Action in support of Dadin

To help out in prison

Пошаговая инструкция помощи заключенному

Reading time 3 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

1. Armed with Criminal and Criminal Procedure codes – help lawyer. Often criminal cases can be quite large( e.g. Swamp thing), in such cases, the defender is not able to track all the nuances. You can gather the necessary information and documents, to seek out new witnesses and other evidence. Strategy protection and processing of evidence for presentation in court should deal with the lawyer himself.

2. Don’t be afraid to give publicity to the violations of the rights of the prisoner. In jail the responsibility of the Federal service of execution of punishments (FSIN) in all regions there are special organs controlled by the office of the Procurator for supervision of observance of laws in correctional institutions. This is the first option where to go. But we cannot hope for an immediate response. In an emergency, when there is a threat to life and health (recent letter Ildar Dadin and subsequent events) not to procrastinate. First, the main aim of a lawyer or defender, who is currently near the scene of the incident (approximate price is 10 thousand rubles). FSIN denies appointment of counsel and a prisoner? It is necessary to attract media attention, contact one of the human rights organizations (“Human rights”, “Rus sitting”, “Committee against torture” and others)

3. Write letters, make passes. Mental condition of a prisoner deteriorates, due to the feeling of loneliness, so moral support from your side will help him cope with the shock. Keep in touch, send a letter by regular mail or through the service, the FSIN – letter. But remember that every text is viewed, so do not mention about the details of the case, and do not ask questions that potentially violate the law. Also give the prisoner what he asks (but there is a list of prohibited items on the website of the FPS of the desired region). There are weight restrictions: transfers (to 20 pounds), parcel (up to two).

4. You can improve his living conditions through the mechanism of registration of humanitarian aid. For example, to make minor repairs to camera, buy a TV, kettle or microwave.

5. Organize an interesting event. The administration of the colony do not rarely allows individuals and volunteer organizations to bring screenings, performances, lectures.

6. Don’t leave it after release. Help the person to adapt to life after the grid, push to seek employment, visit with him entertainment, for example cinemas or galleries. Do not let be closed in itself.