How to become an international volunteer

You can go abroad and get a language practice almost for free

Reading time 5 minutes

Many people dream to visit another country and join its culture, especially those who study a foreign language. But what if there is no money for a trip abroad? You can use an international volunteer program and in return receive practice of live communication with native speakers – such opportunities are provided by work of the volunteer. There are two ways to become a volunteer abroad.

The first way. Travel to a foreign country as a volunteer will help intermediary agencies.

International volunteer camp

Volunteers do not only physical work. They can teach children a foreign language or help the homeless

Each camp has its own theme. Some invite volunteers to clean the forest, others – to help the homeless, and others – to participate in the filming of the host country. Often it is spelled out possible work for volunteers in the description of the camp. The main task is to read everything carefully and choose the place where, in your opinion, you can fully reveal yourself. Organizers from one camp invite 10-20 people, they work together about 4-6 hours a day, and the rest of the time can be spent as they prefer. Usually the volunteer program lasts from one to three weeks, but you can find longer projects (for several months or more).

There are almost no age restrictions. Someone requires only adult volunteers, someone needs teenagers – in this case, the project will be marked Teen camp. There are also family camps where volunteers with children are invited. In order to take part in the volunteer program, you must apply on the website of the Russian sending organization (Sphere, Chipmunk, World4you), do not have outstanding criminal records and bad habits such as drug addiction and alcoholism.

The volunteer will live and eat in the camp free of charge, yet the tickets and visa will have to be paid for themselves. In addition, you must pay a fee for participation (about 5-7 thousand rubles for short programs). Many people claim it is embarrassed. But, as it is explained by the organizators, the money goes to the maintenance of the sending company (office rent, payment for the Internet, phones, electricity, etc.), and is a guarantee that the volunteer will get a place in the camp.  A month before the trip the participant receives a route, information about what to take with them, and contacts of the camp leader.

European Solidarity Corps (ESC)

The logo of the European corps of solidarity

Another program that allows young people aged from 18 to 30 years to go abroad as a volunteer. The European Union has been implementing it for 20 years. Conditions of participation are similar to the requirements of the International volunteer camp: a volunteer can participate in the project from two weeks to a year, must work from 30 to 38 hours a week and have a basic knowledge of English.

The company compensates all expenses: tickets, accommodation, food and transport. In addition, it provides the opportunity to attend language courses and go to two volunteer training. So, constant communication in a foreign language is exactly provided!

The second way. You can search for a volunteer program on your own, without intermediaries.  This is the most difficult and often unsafe way. But with the self-selection of the program, the participant will not have to pay the fee required by the Agency. However, in this case, no one will guarantee that the conditions of staying abroad as a volunteer will meet your expectations.

Holidays in Europe!

Czech Republic, Hungary or Finland - what is better?

Reading time 5 minutes

Winter holidays is the best time for travelling around Europe. It is better to order a tour in October or November. Just at this time travel agencies give their clients suggestions on January, yet lessors haven’t increased Christmas prices on apartments in Airbnb service.

In order to travel on one’s own It is necessary to find the company, choose the direction, buy tickets, engage the place for living and apply for a visa. Online services is a comfortable way to organize travelling (Aviasales, OneTwoTrip, etc). They will find you the most optimal flight in terms of time and prices. Be careful with buying the cheapest vouchers – avia companies frequently impose restrictions on baggage allowance. In order to avoid troubles with the ticket seeking and processing you can appeal to travel agencies where you will be selected the country, hotel, plane. However, that would have great costs. For the decisive and economic travellers we collected three inexpensive and atmospheric European countries.

Czech Republic

Czech Republic is included in top 10 the cheapest countries of the European union. On Christmas Prague opens numerous fairs with hand-crafted products, unique souvenirs and all possible treats. This place is a paradise for lovers to eat budgetly and yummy. In January, besides traditional knuckle of pork and goulash, trdelnics are being sold on every street corner. This is a pastry in the form of roll with sugar and different toppings, the sweet smell of which is spread over the whole historic center.

If you choose cozy and gotic Czech Republic, the flight will be approximately 10000-15000 rubles. The price for living will directly depend on your demands to comfort – every person decides whether to live in hostel or separated apartment. On average, 25000 rubles will be enough for the flight, hotel and visa fee.

Historical Prague center on New Year’s Eve
Hungary

In Budapest Christmas decorations are taken off in early January, that’s why you hardly will be able to feel the holiday atmosphere deeply. However, you will be able to research both sides of the capital – Budu and Pest, warm up in the legendary bathing areas and look at all sightseeings from the hilltop where the statue «Motherland» is situated. Free excursions on English called «Free Walking Tours» are widely spread in Budapest – if you know a little bit more than «London is the capital of Great Britain» you will be able to both attend city tour and learn street-art hidden in the narrow city’s alleyways.

The travelling price to Hungary will be approximately the same as to Czech Republic, yet you will have a possibility to gorge in Hungarian restaurants wasting little money.

Christmas market in Budapest
Finland

The third direction is not so budget as previous ones, but it is, probably, the most atmospheric. If you want to attend Scandinavia, but you have a little money, you can plan a moderate trip to Helsinki.

Hardly anyone believes in stories about Santa Claus living in Lapland. However, it is worth to visit this place in winter at least once in life. Astonishing north sceneries with the aurora borealis, wild deers running along the roads, forests blanketed with snow, and the yummiest fish are anticipating tourists in Finland. You can reach this country not only by plane but also by ground transportation. As an option you can go to Saint-Petersburg by train, and to catch the bus there to Helsinki.

North affluent countries pamper travellers with convenient renovated hostels which give you an excellent possibility to economize on accomodation fee. If you crave to be found yourself in the winter fairytale and ready to accept several inconveniences, definitely visit this European Father Christmas and be ready to spend 30000-35000 rubles on your dream.

Grand final of space journey

Cassini приступил к завершающей стадии 20-летней миссии по изучению Сатурна

Reading time 10 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

What happened?

The spacecraft Cassini, designed to explore Saturn and its moons, has entered the last phase of its journey – the Grand Finale. The probe will “dive” into the previously unexplored space between the planet and its rings, allowing scientists to obtain unique data, and then will be burned in the upper atmosphere of Saturn. So ends his journey, which lasted almost 20 years.

What is Cassini?
кассини1
Cassini during a test

The robot spacecraft Cassini was developed in a joint project of NASA, the European space agency and the Italian space agency in 1997. It was given a unique task – to reach Saturn, the sixth planet of the Solar system, and explore the planet itself, its moons and famous rings. The unit is equipped with all the necessary equipment from the sensors of cosmic dust to the radio antennas.

Here you can get acquainted with Cassini for a closer look.

кассини2
Huygens in the cut

An important part of the spacecraft was the Huygens module, which was supposed to land on the surface of Titan – one of Saturn’s moons, in order to examine the detailed.

Thus, the mission Cassini-Huygens was to become one of the most important achievements of mankind in space exploration. Automatic spacecraft would reach Saturn, becoming its first artificial satellite, and a lander module for the first time would land on the surface of Titan.

The Story of Cassini. Take-off

кассини3

Cassini went in flight on 15 October 1997 from Cape Canaveral in Florida. To start it took a special booster “Titan-4B” with an additional upper stage “Centaurus”. Saturn, as you know, is at a great distance from the Earth – that is what forced scientists to resort to such measures. However, not even this was enough: Cassini went not to the point of its destination but… Venus.

The maneuver, which can cause confusion for an untrained person, however, was part of a well-planned operation. Cassini had to overcome the distance to Saturn with minimal expenditure of energy in order to successfully complete the task. For this, the researchers used the gravitational fields of the three planets: Venus, Earth and Jupiter.

кассини4
the Presumed trajectory of Cassini

26 April 1998 Cassini skirted Venus, having received the required acceleration, then corrected its course and again passed the “evening star”. After that, the spacecraft flew between the Earth and the Moon and went to the purpose of his journey. About the middle of the road Cassini flybied Jupiter and July 1, 2004, after 7 years of flying, entered the orbit of Saturn.

The Story of Cassini. The study of Saturn
кассини5
“Eyes of Saturn”

However, a space odyssey of Cassini-Huygens has not ended – here began the most interesting part – the study of Saturn and its moons. The spacecraft spent in orbit of the planet nearly 13 years and took lots of pictures of the object of study and its satellites. The Cassini’s camera allowed scientists to see Saturn from a very close distance, visually examine its atmosphere and eddies in it.

кассини6
the Surface of Rhea

Cassini also made the most important pictures of Saturn’s moons, through which scientists have learned, for example, the existence of liquids on Titan. Being an artificial satellite of the planet, the spacecraft could not move away from it at a considerable distance, but even this did not prevent him to capture some stunning photos of Titan, Enceladus, Tethys, Mimas and other moons of “the planet with rings”.

кассини7
Clouds on Titan

Module Huygens, in turn, was preoccupied with more problems – he managed to land on the surface of Titan and take samples from soil and atmosphere of Saturn’s moon. Because of this, scientists have learned that the surface of this moon has lakes, and also recorded several chemical anomalies, which may indicate the presence of life on Titan.

To learn more about the most important results of the Cassini-Huygens mission see this timeline:

Cassini

The Story of Cassini. Grand Finale

April 26, 2017, Cassini launched the final phase of it’s journey, which is called the Grand Finale. The spacecraft first entered the space between Saturn and its rings, allowing scientists to obtain photographs of the planet taken as close to.

22 rendezvous with Saturn are planned, and Cassini will not only take pictures of the planet, but also will gather important scientific data. The spacecraft must map the gravitational and magnetic fields of Saturn, analyze the composition of its rings and atmosphere.

Cassini will end it’s mission September 15, 2017, when the unit will go into the upper atmosphere of Saturn to study its composition. It will transmit to the Earth the most important data to the moment until it is destroyed. This method to complete the work Cassini was not chosen by chance – the device has been in space for 13 years already and has almost exhausted it’s resources. Leaving it in orbit of Saturn is dangerous because the probe can fall into one of the satellites of the planet and stop their study in the future. So NASA believe that burning Cassini in the atmosphere will be the best solution:

– Always sad to see the end of the mission, but the last flight, Cassini will be the greatest end of the most rich scientific space project. Now Cassini has virtually exhausted the reserves of fuel used to adjust course. If you leave things as they are, operators will no longer be able to control it. The burning of Cassini in the atmosphere ensures that it will not affect further research

Comments of participants of the  Cassini-huygens project

British Professor Carl Murray participated in the project for 27 years. In the interview he told the BBC why the Cassini mission is the most interesting expedition ever conducted:

CarlMurray3_06-2015_crop– It was an amazingly successful mission. For 13 years we have been studying the planet from its orbit. It turned out that Saturn and its satellites there are times of the year, and rings to alter their structure over time. One of the most amazing discoveries made by Cassini is an ocean of liquid water under ice on one of Saturn’s moons, Enceladus. Through cracks in the ice cover of the ejected substance, and it contains molecular hydrogen, which on Earth is associated with water vapor and ocean depths and in General with life. People are always trying to figure out whether there was water on Mars and where it went. But now, I think the search will be concentrated on the periphery of the Solar system

Andrew Coates, British Professor of physics and Deputy Director of Muranowski laboratory for space research, worked on the project Cassini-Huygens for the past 28 years. Despite the success of the study, the scientist is sure that in the future mankind could expect more amazing discoveries:

11novPlanetCoat200– Now I am involved in the continuous search for life on Mars with the ExoMars Rover 2020 and the icy moons of Jupiter mission JUICE. In addition, in the mid-2020s, NASA plans to launch a mission of the Europa Clipper. It all sounds very tempting!

Gallery of the best photos by Cassini:

Additional information:

 

10 facts about China from ayseker

Очереди всегда и везде, много острой еды, странные фото и один часовой пояс на всех. А что вы знаете о Китае?

Reading time 9 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!


My first experience of international internships began in 2014, when I decided to go for six weeks in China. I slightly knew where I was going, what food, how can survive. But that did not stop me!

The project called «Dare to Dream». Interns from twelve countries (Malaysia, USA, Morocco, Poland, the Netherlands, United Kingdom, Australia, Taiwan, Egypt, Turkey, France, Canada) worked with me in the summer school. We teach the children English, and talked about the culture of our country. During the trip we lived in several cities: Beijing, Tianjin, Xi’an, Zhangye. The greater amount of time spent in Tianjin (two weeks living with host families and prepared for the project) and Zhangye (summer school, where we were working, it was there). My observations about China, you will find in this article.

1. Geography

China – the third country in the world in the occupied territory (after Russia and Canada). Shanghai and Beijing – the two most densely populated city in the world. China is very diverse topography. On its territory there are high mountains and plateaus, and valleys, and deserts and vast plains. In general, the nature of beauty just incredible! Recall, or Rainbow Mountain Natural Park Zhangjiajie, which became the prototype of the natural environment in the “Avatar” movie.

Zhangjiajie Park and Rainbow Mountain
Zhangjiajie Park and Rainbow Mountain Photo: http://cheaptrip.livejournal.com/25536901.html

As for the temperature in summer it is very hot (up to 35 degrees), so that all Chinese women are hiding under umbrellas. But winter is quite chilly (average 4 degrees, but in Harbin because of Icy air penetrating from Siberia, the temperature can drop to -18 degrees). However, half of China’s lives without central heating. Just to save energy we have decided that the city south of the Yangtze River will manage without a central heating system. For example, in Beijing or Harbin apartments have the battery, but the people of Shanghai to wear winter garments at home. My friends, the Chinese go in jackets, always spattered with toothpaste, because it is necessary to wash the winter fully dressed.

In China, such a large, only one time zone. Therefore, in China’s western provinces it begins to dawn at 10 am, and in the east – the darkness can occur almost immediately after dinner.

2. Population

Overcrowding – it is true and not a joke. How many people in China! Many – a weak word to describe their number. Everywhere endless queues, whether it is a shop, café, bus stop or the Great Wall of China. Every fifth person in the world – Chinese. Be especially wary in China during the Chinese New Year (February), otherwise you just crush the Chinese crowd that hurry home to celebrate the festival.

The main features of the Chinese:

1) it is impossible to determine their age, they look very young;
2) all firmly believe in the uniqueness of their nation. Firstly, they are one of the most ancient civilizations, and secondly, they are sure that everything has been invented in their country: paper, the compass, gunpowder, printing, watches, silk ice cream. Yes, and just Chinese – a real mystery: for the letter they use the characters for food – sticks, for protection – the Great Wall.

3. Trains

The Chinese love to move around the country en masse, so train them unusual. About speed and comfortable, I will not speak, this is clear. But ordinary trains – is another matter. They are located in a compartment than four shelves as we have, and six! Before we went to Xi’an seventeen hours, but none of the Chinese did not change clothes, besides all lay on their beds under a blanket in a shoe! The light turns off the train at 22:00, at the same time and the toilet stops working. And even if our trains is disabled ambient light, the small still always there, but here everything is turned off!

On the train. Photo: Alain Radina
On the train. Photo: Alain Radina

Also, travelers have the opportunity to buy a sedentary ticket or a ticket without a seat. Some trainees have “lucky” to get to Shanghai with a ticket without a seat. This means that where you “fall”, there is your place. Therefore, these “lucky” to huddle under the shells of fire extinguishers in the aisles on the floor, on other people’s suitcases.

Tip: buy tickets to any destination in advance.

4. Food

The Chinese have a cult food, they never miss a meal – it is holy! Chinese traditional greeting – may sound like – instead of the usual us “how are you doing»: «你 吃饭 了 吗?» ( “No chshifan le ma?”), Which is translated into Russian as “Have you eaten?”. Chinese cuisine is very sharp in most provinces. Be ready!

5. Language

Mandarin Chinese is the official language in the country. In it more than eighty thousand characters. On average, the Chinese, who graduated from university, knows five thousand characters. However, China is inhabited by 55 people, communicating to 206 languages, so the country’s overall writing and pronunciation is different. In this connection, on TV on every channel at the bottom of the screen there is always a running line with the characters.

6. Children

Chinese children are very shy. At the lesson they are difficult to stir up and cause to express their point of view. Even when asked, they will rise from their seats, without raising his head, cast a glance classmates as if asking permission to answer, and then quietly utter what they wanted to say. These are children from thirteen to seventeen. In restless, active kids and students is no longer distributed.

Chinese children. Photo: Alain Radina
Chinese children. Photo: Alain Radina

My fellow Chinese are saying that the reason for closure of Chinese adolescents is focus on their studies, because the competition in the universities is incredibly high. By the way, this is why we have been working in summer school: parents send their children to school even during the holidays.

7. The poses in the photo

Yes, the Chinese do love cute pictures: take the same posture on the incredible group shots and put fingers.

Two finger peace symbol Photo: http://www.withhusbandintow.com/you-know-youre-in-southeast-asia-when/
Two finger peace symbol Photo: http://www.withhusbandintow.com/you-know-youre-in-southeast-asia-when/

8. The Fortune Cookie

Contrary to popular belief it is not a Chinese tradition. These cookies invented in 1920 in San Francisco, one of the working factories for the production of noodles.

9. Ping Pong

Perhaps the most popular Chinese game.

10. Panda

All pandas living in the world, live in China. The only pandas that are beyond the boundaries of China, leased by the Chinese authorities. If in a foreign country they are born cubs, they are also considered to be the property of Beijing.

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Global Citizen AIESEC – internship program volunteer. Member lives with an international team and work in a social project, which lasts 6-8 weeks. Would you also dive into the Chinese culture or the culture of any other country? Then join the international team aysekerov.

Explore the world, explore yourself!

Blue on white

Гжельские реалии от Алексея Михайловича до наших дней

Reading time 29 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

the World famous blue and white porcelains are doing here in Sochi. The astonishing story of the survival of the fishery after its collapse in the 1990s.

Gzhel, Egorievsk highway, Russia
an hour and a Half on the Egorievsk highway from Moscow along the villages and construction markets – and we’re here. More precisely, somewhere in the right location: “Gzhel Bush” is a 27 villages and towns in the Ramenskoye district, which are engaged in this craft for centuries. “Capital”, the Central village of the whole Bush Gzhel and Rechitsa, towns Novokharitonovo and the Insulator, where the main production is concentrated. Smaller, but not less important, the village Turygino and Bahteeva.

Between the extreme points “Gzhel Bush”
the village of Gzhel and the village Kuzyaevo – 11 kilometers.

Even traveling alone, and not in the tour group, it is easy to understand that you are in the right place. After the sign “Gzhel” on the right and left of the highway numerous signs “brand Gzhel”, “true Gzhel”, “authentic Gzhel products”, and even makeshift stalls along the road.

Most of the shops within the Soviet buildings. Private master bring the product to the store, then you get a percentage of sales.


the

By definition

Gzhel is Russian folk craft ceramics with a distinctive blue-and-white painting. The village of Gzhel is indicated in the first spiritual letter of Ivan Kalita, and the fishing is about the same age – about seven hundred.

In retail stores the products looks better and better, there are products for every taste, even honey – gold, for example. But without exception, the sellers assure that their painting is genuine.

Fact

Traditional Gzhel – blue-white. the Current gamma is due to the influence of the Delft blue and the fact that after the great Patriotic war it was decided to restore it blue-white cobalt-painted.

Clay jug. The beginning of the XIX century, the Village Gzhel
crock. The beginning of the XIX century, the Village Gzhel

word Association Game

Before you can understand what is authentic Gzhel, and whether it is at all, try to determine how much plagiarism is historically inherent in our field.

At Gzhel porcelain often find similarities c Chinese and Dutch Delft porcelain. Local artisans call blue-and-white motifs from the middle Kingdom “Chinese”, the same definition is used by them to refer to the Chinese counterfeiting “under Gzhel”, which today make up more competition to the originals.

Blue-and-white motifs used in Chinese porcelain dynasty
Ming (1368 – 1644) and Qing (1644-1912). For them characteristic of traditional Chinese image: a dragon, a symbol of good beginning of the Chinese people, landscape motifs, images of pagodas and plot of the story.

Decorative porcelain plate
Decorative porcelain plate “bird of Paradise”. Delft, the Netherlands

The birth and flourishing Delft blue – XVII century. These processes coincided with the rise of Maritime trade in the Netherlands. Dutch master imitated Chinese designs and were decorated with products of local landscapes, biblical scenes, and floral arrangements.

 

The main production was tiles for walls and furnaces. Delft porcelain were brought to Russia by Peter the great, along with the fashion for all things European and, in particular, Dutch ovens and walls with blue and white tiles in large quantity can be seen in many palaces: the Menshikov in St. Petersburg or the Palace of Peter the great in Tallinn. In the faience factory Grebenshchikova in 1724, began to copy Delft painting. In Europe, on the contrary, its popularity began to steadily decline.

 

Gzhel porcelain adopted the blue-and-white pattern under the influence of the Dutch, and before that in local painting dominated by green, yellow, brown tones, the very same clay for porcelain in Gzhel found earlier than in Delft. It turns out: Chinese gamma spawned Delft, which in turn arrived in Russia and was born Gzhel in the usual form.

Yesterday

[svt-event title=”seventeenth century” date=”” class=”svt-cd-green” ] Gzhel is the Pharmaceutical order of the Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich [/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”the eighteenth century” date=”” class=”svt-cd-red” ] M. V. Lomonosov writes: “Scarcely has the earth’s most pure and without adulteration where in the world, which chemists call virgin, is between the clays used for porcelain, Gzhel what we have…” Gzhel is recognized as a center of art ceramics [/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1810″ date=”” class=”svt-cd-green” ] IMG_3755Founded the first major porcelain factory of M. S. Kuznetsov in the village of Novo-Kharitonovo[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1830-1840″ date=”” class=”svt-cd-red” ] the heyday of the industrial production. Gzhel is a leading manufacturer of tavern dishes. In specialist circles Russian Gzhel is the name of a Staffordshire – the name of the largest ceramic center of England[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”From the end of 50-ies of the XIX century” date=”” class=”svt-cd-blue” ] the Gradual decline of Handicrafts, they can not compete with factory industry. By the end of the XIX century crafts actually cease to exist[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”20 years of the twentieth century” date=”” class=”svt-cd-yellow” ] IMG_3757Work individual pottery workshops, be a cooperative farm, for example, “Forward, ceramics” (toys made of red clay, painted on enamel)[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1925″ date=”” class=”svt-cd-green” ] IMG_3756Founded the artel of Artistic ceramics (porcelain figurines, utensils, clay toys)[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1944-1945″ date=”” class=”svt-cd-red” ] the Beginning of the revival of Gzhel craft. Come in Gzhel art historian A. B. Saltykov and the painter N. I. Bessarabova[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1970″ date=”” class=”svt-cd-red” ] the Beginning of the heyday of the “Association Gzhel”, the only manufacturing factory of Gzhel products in the USSR[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”1980-1990-ies.” date=”” class=”svt-cd-red” ] IMG_3748the Golden age of Gzhel. The company produces thousands of famous teacups, samovars, sets, Kvasnikov and intricate small plastic[/svt-event]

[svt-event title=”the End of the 1990s” date=”” class=”svt-cd-blue” ] the Decline of primary production, the resale of “Association Gzhel”. Most of the staff go out of production and open their private workshops or small factories – began a period of private production Gzhel[/svt-event]

there is Hardly any earth’s most pure and without adulteration where in the world, which chemists call virgin, is between the clays used for porcelain, Gzhel what we have…
— M. V. Lomonosov

the

Made in USSR

– All the foreigners bought it as Souvenirs, recalls the Love Kochetkova, in the 1970s and ‘ 80s, the local school teacher. – Many parents of my students were working on the “Association “Gzhel”. They walked us to the production, showing famous Gzhel.

What is Gzhel in the Soviet Union today do not understand someone who has not lived in the era of total deficit. Buy products in Gzhel Gzhel was simply impossible, and ordinary people could only dream about it – the horses were not included in retail sales. But enterprising locals have found a loophole – secretly took out worthless products that was able to hide from destruction. In the era of the iron Standards of the slightest air bubble, just not the enamel – and the product must be broken. So gradually began to gather a collection of gifts of pupils and incidental purchases, which now occupies an entire room in the house. However, a collection of Amateur – compilation logic on the principle of “like/dislike”. Here’s the characters, here is a gift for my husband anniversary. Among the Souvenirs of endless cups-spoons – a true masterpiece of authorship by recognized masters of Tatiana Sergeevna Dunashova and Sergey Alekhin.

I like that the dishes are written, who the author is, the people themselves have perpetuated, – says Lyubov. – Horses are everywhere, literally.
We digging the garden, from a vase found some remnants. Washed part glued from fragments, which have turned out something like a jar. This yellow painted small pieces – so this is an ancient painting!”.

Today

In the Gzhel region, were not only the factories of Gzhel, from local clay made ceramic flower pots, tiles for fireplaces. Today, however, survived only Gzhel porcelain production.

layout of Gzhel production

map

Association “Gzhel”

the Heyday of Gzhel manufacture in the country occurred in 1980-1990-e

The thing is – frames: one at the head of the “Association “Gzhel” stood Viktor Loginov, an effective Manager and a great specialist. Legend has it that the couple Gorbachev, once examined some farm in the Ramenskoye district, who appeared there Loginov gave a luxurious service. Since then, the Association has regularly appeared benefits and orders, ranks, and private shops.

In the 1990s, new machines were installed, the moulding line, began to revive forgotten in the XIX century majolica until the early 2000s, all this is not liquidated, the new owners of the plant.

Loved the horses and Naina Yeltsin, which contributed to the promotion of products abroad. The Association had its offices throughout Europe.
In one of them, in Germany for a long time and has worked Tatyana Loginova, the widow of the Director General now – the guide on “Association Gzhel”.

From the former glory and greatness is almost nothing left. Summer, on trips to Association comes a rare privately owned, mainly by families. Sometimes tourists bring suburban sanatoriums and health camps.

Go into the factory building via the security entrance hall reminiscent of the Soviet sanatorium or summer camp. A middle-aged man, the father, tries to strike up a conversation, asks: “where is the town of Gzhel? That drove – and did not see!”. Tatiana says that this city on the map no, you can not look, there is the village of Gzhel and “Gzhel Bush”.

Tatyana works in the “Association Gzhel” since 1971 – have you seen him “and in sorrow and in joy”. She was the main artist for seven years worked in Germany – in the representation, organized exhibitions of stone throughout Europe. Now leads tours.

In the factory Museum Tatyana tells a long story, as a dynamically developing production in the Soviet years, was created as a system of Gzhel education: school – College – University – factory. Warm nostalgia – not only for a bygone “Golden era”, but her husband, with whom together built an Empire of Gzhel in Russia and abroad, from the Empire of today is not gone.

Went to watch a production. The first thing that strikes you is the silence, echoing and dreary.

“Previously, everything worked, built-in a big way. Fully scenic shop, all the ovens were working. Was 2500, now 120. Very much production was reduced,” – says Tatiana.

Photograph of people working on the enterprise is extremely difficult: they are almost there.

After the sale of the plant producing three times changed owners.
Saves potential. “He still kept afloat, and it would already have collapsed everything,” says Tatiana. – The repair was long gone, no heating, the water through again, and what happens next is unclear”.

The artists who worked on the Union, went to other industries, the benefit of those formed a lot in the 90s. Many have already died, and the youth on the production comes: “do Not come to us, housing is not built, pay a penny, is paid with a delay of 8-9 months.
The artists nothing at all – they are in free flight. There is an order – they are paid, there is no order – do not pay”. Projects, new models of drawings lately, not created at all.

Expert

Gzhel pattern at first glance seems similar –
blue flowers on a white background. But it is not so, what we see in the halls of the Museum “Association Gzhel”, which presents works of art toys, and kitchenware masters of the Soviet time. Each of them turns out to be his own unique style that cannot be confused with another author.

It is almost the same to know than differs from Manet, Monet, only in Sochi:

Наталия Бессарабова

Если узор простой – в основном, цветочный – мазки крупные, ярко-синие, это Наталия Бессарабова. Именно она после Великой Отечественной войны приехала сюда восстанавливать промысел. Ее работы – первые в истории современной гжели.

Людмила Азарова

Если изделия сложные по форме и выполнены в основном темно-синей краской, мелкими мазками, а узор очень тонкий – это работа Людмилы Азаровой. В 1960-е гг. рисунок Азаровой определял весь облик гжели, она повлияла на многих современных мастеров.

Татьяна Дунашова

Если изделие не существует в одиночку – только в группе – и все разрисовано сеточкой, это Татьяна Дунашова.

Юрий Гаранин

Маленькие игрушки-фигурки, расписанные до мельчайших деталей – почерк Юрия Гаранина, специалиста по «малой пластике»
Trend

Gzhel patterns is the source of inspiration not only of porcelain, but also for fashion designers.

Star Gzhel

1990s became a watershed

While the horses were at the peak of glory thanks to the rapid take-off “Enterprises,” began the co-operative movement and like mushrooms after a rain began to appear private enterprise. With enterprises began to carry the materials, shapes, left and staff. New private factories were yesterday’s shop in the neighbouring villages and towns. So, the plant “Insulator” (now “Gzhel porcelain factory”), organized a workshop for the production of porcelain tableware, porcelain began to be manufactured in the workshops of the “Galaxy” and the cooperative “Blue Russia”, where in Soviet times was done on cardboard.

Their production of “Star stone” in the renovated buildings of local garages SMU-5 opened Yuri Scripal and Sergey Alekhin. Now the process is managed by their wives, Tatiana Skripel and Galina Alekhina.

They Gzhel fishery all his life. Shakespeare, here and nowhere else to work. Tatiana was born in the nearby village, have worked 12 years on “Association Gzhel” designer. The task was monotonous and not at all creative, you could sit all day and look for that lost cover. “It’s exciting for me to work with people and products,” says Tatyana Sergeevna.

We talk in the kitchen, a small production, this time carefully looking employee and asked: “Tatyana Sergeevna, why are you hiding from us?”. You need to be everywhere at once, the “Star” runs only about thirty people.

“Head everyone should be able to do confirms my idea Galina Konstantinovna. – At any time, people can get sick, not come to work. A production is a flywheel that won’t stop”.

When in the 1990s the neighboring production was in decline, Alyokhin opened a private Studio at home – the husband of Galina, Sergei, was an artist. The house was large, some of the rooms were empty – a bit saved up, bought a slip (soft porcelain mass approx. ed.), glaze, ordered from artists shape, hired girls-painters and began to engage China. So he worked until 2000, I wanted to enlarge the production, decided to join the team “Stars of Gzhel”.

During a conversation Galina nervously looks around today, “put the stove” – launch of the product in the first firing, it is necessary to follow the process. A minute ago Galina ran from one stove to another, dropped the plates and cups in the muddy white solution (as it turned out later – in the frosting), I barely managed to stop her.

“And what you wanted to do? Always wanted to work with porcelain?”, –ask. “I dreamed of becoming an architect, – says Galina Konstantinovna. The question suddenly distracting beyond my “Gzhel” interest. – Dad was a Builder, it was really interesting, I wanted to plan at home. Still this feeling of the lack of fulfilment I was sitting – didn’t work out”.

Gzhel is a big black hole that’s sucking. No one working on the production of a man who would do such a thing is not loved, but dreams often, this place is really buries, people live according to the principle of “where was born there and handy”.

Today, the “Star of stone” two shop No. 1, experimental, “Workshop of Alekhine”, which produces a range of luxury and refined product, and # 2 – “Shop STS” (Scribal Tatiana Sergeevna) with the products accessible to the average buyer. The main feature of the “Star of stone” – thin porcelain. In the production of large quantities of such porcelain is impossible – it would break or when moving or when sending.

In General, work ordinary laws of the market, buyers “distributed enterprise.” Resellers gain product in different industries and sent to Ekaterinburg to Makhachkala from Moscow to Kamchatka to Yakutsk in Russia and abroad. “50% of production orders, – says Tatiana Sergeevna. – We go via the Internet, according to rumors, in stores. Arriving at the store, look at the product and ask where this product. Our products are everywhere, even Putin.

— Our products are everywhere, even in Putin — Tatiana Skripel

 

Figure
the Annual market volume of Gzhel products is just over 200 million rubles, individual farmers, craftsmen add to the income of 40-50 million rubles annually.

The cheapest and high quality Gzhel can be purchased only on site. As long as the product travels from Sochi to Moscow, its cost grows at 700-850 rubles.
the

Original

Despite the high quality of products, skill of the authors, the production is private, and therefore there is no uniform quality control. Asked whether it is possible to consider this crockery, toys, authentic Gzhel, which all come here?

– This question was relevant initially, – Tatyana Sergeevna. – Clay, glaze, cobalt, all the same, the recipe is the same. Training school masters of Gzhel ceramic technical school (now College GSU). Therefore, to distinguish between Gzhel’, which is released in the “Association Gzhel” and in neighbouring enterprises, it is impossible. But where do underground, in the garage, no quality no. There are Amateurs, they only earn money.

– Gradation clear to spend very difficult – says Tatiana Sivova, Deputy chief of the painter of “Gzhel porcelain factory”. Nobody cracoviae another, every company produces its product with its paintings. We are all different from each other are different, each with its own buyer. Sometimes, I am to explain what is fake and what is not. Yes, it is impossible now to explain it! You will come to the shop and choose what you like. We release products and top grade, and low grade, the extras – but the painting is still manual. It’s still – Gzhel.

Nevertheless, a number of features that distinguish a genuine painting from a fake, there is still:

cup

Ceramics is not only about porcelain. Historically, that modern horses are primarily porcelain, it is the most durable and easy to use. All of the Gzhel clay-Budenovskogo field “baked” and majolica and pollutans (technically it is nedians – a porous crock, at least a high firing temperature, this was done only in Sochi), porcelain, and only in the XIX century began to make porcelain.

Majolica is a product of a colored pottery clay with a thick and porous shard covered with white enamel (color a dull glaze) and painted on the wet surface. In Europe, majolica served decorative purposes, and in the Gzhel produced necessary in the daily life of dishes: plates, dinner sets, mugs, jugs.

Products from pottery have a dense fine-pored crock (usually white), covered with transparent or dull (opaque) glaze. For the manufacture of faience used the same materials as for the production of porcelain (changing only the ratio of components), and similar technology (differences in the mode of firing).

Small production and private workshops today can afford unprecedented in the USSR luxury – in addition to the standard, classic blue and white tableware, to revive color painting and more – to make products not only from China but also from majolica.
the

Gzhel porcelain factory

the

three years after the opening of the “Star of stone”, in 2003, was created one more enterprise – “Gzhel porcelain factory”.

Outwardly, the largest and rich in plant looks, but like all others, very unpredictable.

Its CEO became the head of the former shop of the plant “Insulator” Peter Sivov. The formal “Gzhel porcelain factory” is not even created and “restored”: the current Gzhel – last factory Kuznetsov – traces its history to 1818. Gradually the plant became the largest among the local industries.

For her Gzhel – in the truest sense of the word a family affair. Great-grandfather technologist, husband, Director of the plant. She works in a factory as a painter and is fond of majolica is almost forgotten today, the technology of production of ceramics, which revive artisans, local enthusiasts.

In 1929, the production was transferred to “the Moscow insulator factory”, where together with the insulators in Soviet times, managed to secretly produce consumer goods – dishes with simple Gzhel painting.

Today, the plant has the status of a folk art that provides certain benefits if the product is artistic councils at all levels, it does not pay VAT, plus subsidies at 80% certified products but and inconvenience. There are unspoken “limits of decency”: the company can not afford to “fall to Chinese”, says Tatiana – to produce only what the customer wants, small Souvenirs, for example. By the way, the legendary “Association Gzhel” recently deprived of the status of folk crafts.

the Process

 

Fact
manufacturing time from start to warehouse the product take up 100 times.

Studio Gzhel

Young our production is not interested, says Tatiana Skripel (“Star of stone”). They could come, but we do not take them – the old have your period to work out.

But young artists into the factories and do not seek: apparently, came the new era of private masters working with piece goods to order. Artist Dmitry Konovalov, Professor of design in Gzhel Institute and College, came to Gzhel from Kolomna: “I graduated from the University, spent two years in restoration – wanted to restore the temples. Then it was closer to the sculpture, looking where to enter – like in Architecture and sculpture in Moscow, but it was expensive – parents could never have afforded this. Come to Gzhel”.

First Dima was working on itself, has now decided to organize a creative group of students and graduates of our University. The room under the shop, which previously housed a dining room rented from the “Association Gzhel”.

– “Old” we are, however, not immediately accepted, but is already beginning to quietly accept, – says Dmitry while through the deserted corridors we go into the Studio “Studio painting”. Inside is a mini – factory with machine tools, the Soviet party for painters, caricatures on the walls. Feel the atmosphere of low-budget youth Studio at a glance workshop can be taken as the Cabinet club.

“I have done here is the case gpsmodule plant – grinding machine, with which you can do the vase” – proudly shows Dima.

I like it here, there, and in the morning go. Usually at the stage of molding the product is not show, but will show you. Ilya Muromets will be a shield and shield watch. Here is the watch – not completed, “the farm” is called. The girl – Annie, my girl name is Annie, here with her and sculpted.

I barely have time to examine everything that shows the wizard. Notice that the finished products are almost no – solid form, thrown cups, plates, saucers, neraspisannyy raw meals.

In Moscow, Dima likes to travel, says, “the atmosphere is annoying”, though sister and parents live there.

Ideas Dima has a lot of ambition even more. The plan is to do lighting “like Tiffany’s”: “We are about a year here now at the stage of development. Here at Mastowska porcelain factory Studio, Mason – there is a youth who does some creative things. As well, and then there is “old” that traditional products do, and there we are.”

I want a modern twist, in a modern design are certain to do stuff. Here at “Tiffany” lampshades made of colored glass are collected, and the bottom they have metal – I will have to go porcelain.

“Pomegranate” Dima and his crew are preparing for an exhibition of ceramics Gzhel. In this form they are already experimenting – combine traditional porcelain base and add “bones” grenade glass. Dima says our incredulous smiles, caused by the dissonance of Napoleon’s plans and his shirts with Mickey mouse, and explains:

– I want to attract guys who are finishing College and looking for a place where to go on a single plant, on the other – and want to do something of their own. I want to create a…cooperative. There is no “sit, write!”, “and you sit and pee!”, to this was not. We participate in exhibitions and sell our products. Here I am and artist, and technologist, and the guys in front of me. Girls paint my products, we consulted. If I don’t have ideas, they have carried out their orders and earn.

One life cycle is over, Gzhel again passed into private hands. For whom the future: for plants or artisan will know tomorrow. Most importantly – saved lives and craft, known for centuries all over the world.

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