Nonexistent clothes

What is virtual clothing and why is it becoming popular?

Reading time 4 minutes

Imagine that you browse online stores in search of new clothes, and your eye involuntarily clings to a magnificent jacket. After a moment of thought, you decide to purchase it. But instead of ordering this jacket and getting it in your hands, you send one of your photos, and after a while you get it back. The only difference is that now you are depicted in a new jacket.

виртуальная одежда
The collection of virtual clothing by “Carlings”

This concept of digital clothing may seem strange, but it was based on games and applications. The users spend real money on their virtual character’s clothes and hairstyle. Thus, the profit of the game “Covet Fashion”, which allows players to try on designer clothes and accessories using digital visualization, amounted to $ 53.4 million for 2018.

The first collection of virtual clothing, which was released in November 2018 by “Carlings”, instantly gained popularity. “In real life”, says Kiki Person, a manager of Scandinavian company, “such designer clothes cost thousands of pounds and are worn only once —to be posted on social networks.”

виртуальная одежда
The collection of virtual clothing by “Carlings”

Digital clothing has received many positive reviews and has become a trend not only in Scandinavia. So, the influencer Daria Simonova was one of the first in the world to try on virtual trousers and a jacket. The girl noted that the concept was interesting and in line with modern trends.

“Firstly, it is eco-friendly, and secondly, clothing these days is more of an art on social networks. Virtual clothing is very convenient, and its design potential is huge, because it is cheaper to create.”

 Since 2018, digital clothing has spread throughout the world. In May 2019, a virtual dress was sold at a charity auction for £ 7,500. “In ten years, everyone will be wearing digital clothes”, says Mr. Ma, a buyer of this dress. “It’s definitely very expensive, but it’s a bit of an investment”, he added.

виртуальная одежда
The collection of virtual clothing by “Carlings”

There are also companies producing digital clothing in Russia. The “Грань” brand presented a collection that was advertised by Alyona Pole, a virtual model: “I experiment a lot with digital materials, because I believe that new fashion should be environmentally friendly and should not destroy the environment.”

 

 

Geometry that is convenient

What use Moscow citizens and dwellers of The Moscow region can get from Ds?

Reading time 5 minutes

Ds are two Moscow Central Diameters which look like the mixture of underground and electric train system. There are, consequently, two routes of Ds: D1 Odintsovo-Lobnya that connects Belarusskoye direction with Savelovskoe one and D2 Nakhabino-Podolsk which connects Kurskoye direction with Rizhskoye one. They were launched at the 21st of November. Mr Putin took part in the opening ceremony of the new kind of transport on going from Belorusskaya train stop to Fili station. Ms Sobyanin who escorted the president considered that day to remain in history as a birthday of new vehicle.

Vladimir Putin was amongst the first passenders of D1
Vladimir Putin was amongst the first passenders of D1

Governors travelled by “Ivolga” train. It is a new special train running on Ds. “Ivolga” has wi-fi spots bicycle mounts and sockets. The government believe that such facilities will make commuting more comfortable and convenient. To pursue the same purpose, trains follow the Metro schedule and run from 5:30 a.m. to 1:00 a.m.

It is supposed that passengers of Ds would save money on the travel cards. They used to get from Dolgoprudnaya to Skolkovo for 161 rubles while now they can do it for 45. Or from Stolbovaya to Nakhabino for 91 instead of 253. The cost of the trip can be calculated on your own: in Moscow the fare is 38 rubles from the borders of Moscow within the Ds 45 and for each zone outside the Ds, you need to pay an additional 23 rubles changing to a suburban train.

The old "Ivolga" version 1.0
The old “Ivolga” version 1.0

The designers assume that the new routes will allow passengers to get around the city twice as fast. In order to get to the center, residents of the Nizhegorodsky district, for example, need to sit at the station “Kalitniki”. Lublino dwellers should use “Kubanskaya” station.

However, Odintsovo dwellers did not appreciate D1 at the first day of opening. Because of the Mr president’s train, several suburban trains stood still for an hour or more, therefore the passengers had to out the trains and go to the nearest station along the railways. The gap between trains constituted about 30 minutes. It was not possible to validate Troika at all stations, because the new software was not installed at all of them. In order not to create difficulties with payment, the first two weeks of travel along the Ds will be free of charge.

Within 5 years Diamentes connect all parts of the Moscow regeon and Moscow
Within 5 years Diamentes connect all parts of the Moscow region and Moscow

After launching the rest of Ds: D3, D4 and D5, the passengers would be able to travel through Moscow from Leningradskoye direction to Kazanskoye one, from Kievskoye direction to Gorkovskoye one and from Yaroslavskoye direction to Paveletskoye one. The government plan to open these directions till 2024. Then, for example, passengers of the Gorkovskoye direction will be able to transfer to Paveletskone one at the “Chukhlinka” station, and they will not have to use the metro. Also, transfers within Moscow will connect Yaroslavskoye direction with Gorkovskoye one, Gorkovskoye itself with Rizhskoye one, and it, consequently, with Kievskoye one.

Spotify enters Russian music market

Competitors are tense but feel confident

Reading time 4 minutes

Spotify is an online streaming audio service that allows you to listen to music tracks legally and for free. Now the service successfully operates in 70 countries. Daniel Ek, CEO of the service, said that the company is preparing to start work in Russia in the summer of 2019.

The development team believes that there is a strong potential in the streaming service to conquer the market of music services.

A subscription to a service for USA residents costs $ 10. The cost in Russia is currently unknown.
A subscription to a service for USA residents costs $ 10. The cost in Russia is currently unknown.

“We now have more than 159 million active users in 65 countries, 71 million premium subscribers, more than 3,500 employees worldwide and more than 35 million tracks. But we’re just starting… Spotify has a lot more prospects than you thought.”

The service functions as a cloud base and allows the user to select a composition from an extensive media library. Currently, Spotify provides access to over 30 million tracks. Users can search by artist, album, genre. All users have access to many major independent labels. You can also create your own playlists or listen to the radio. You can use the resource with advertising and some restrictions for free. If you pay a subscription, all restrictions are automatically removed.

In Russia, users have long been waiting for Spotify. The service planned to start work here in 2014 and even registered the legal brand LLC Spotify in the Unified State Register of Legal Entities. However, the introduction of the Register was not a guarantee of launch. According to some sources, there were several obstacles to entering the market: the economic crisis, changes at the legislative level, requirements for the storage of users’ personal data, conflicts and disagreements with certain organizations and individuals.

Sberbank CIB analysts have already warned that Spotify will have a significant impact on the Russian music market. But his direct competitors (Yandex.Music and VKontakte (together with BOOM)) noted that they are not afraid of the appearance of a new player on the market and see their competitive advantages over Spotify.

Not only Yandex.Music and VKontakte become competitors. Do not forget about Apple Music and Google Music.
Not only Yandex.Music and VKontakte become competitors. Do not forget about Apple Music and Google Music.

“The growth of the market of legal audio services will be 20–30% per year, Spotify will make a significant contribution to this growth if it starts working in Russia,” said Alexandra Nosach, head of the licensing department for music and video content at Black Star Inc.

Terribly interesting

Why we love horrors

Reading time 4 minutes

Psychologists, sociologists and film critics were studying this paradox from various perspectives. However, they couldn’t definitely answer the question why it happened like that. Nevertheless, they elaborated several theories explaining this phenomenon.

Theory 1. Fire with fire

A scene from the "Anabelle" (2014)
A scene from the «Anabelle», 2014

Fear is a protective reaction of any living being, which aids him to survive. However, if fear is not controlled or suppressed, it turns into the phobia. As a rule, phobia is connected to something unknown and unexplainable. Here one can remember plots of traditional horror movies. Ghosts, devils, damnations or maniacs, insane and cannibals – all of them are included into any horror and serve a particular function of phobia trigger. In other words, focal elements of a scary movie are external impeti which bring on fear. As the psychiatrist Roman Suleymanov said, the best way to overcome fear is to experience it. Therefore, horror movies give people an opportunity to tackle with their anxiety, even unconscious.

Theory 2. The cat’s out of the bag

A scene from the «Friday the 13th», 2009

A human is not only a social being but also biological one. It’s typical for him a tendency to violence which is explained by natural necessity to defend from enemies. Aggressive behaviour, as filosofer O.Spengler and zoophychologist K. Lorenc guess, helped a person to survive in the evolution process. However, nowadays people have no necessity to kill. Besides, harsh social boundaries restrict and suppress aggressive actions. Yet human nature works like that: it is complicated to suppress aggression, it is much easier to take it out. Subconsciously a spectator can associate himself to a killer. In that case scary movies become a «vaccine» against violence. They simulate situations which will hardly appear in reality, and, besides, they enable a person to «try on» a maniac role.

Theory 3. Just for fun

A scene from the "Saw 7" (2010)
A scene from the «Saw 7», 2010

From science perspective, during the strong emotional troubles human brain oozes powerful neuromediators: oxytocin and dopamine – hormones requesting for the happiness and pleasure feelings. Horror movies is a peculiar emotional shock for the brain. That’s why a person might feel satisfaction after watching a scary film. Despite it sounds paradoxically, in that case horror movies is a kind of ride which is more likely to cheer you up then to scary.

Magic kick for those who need it

Find excuses not to go to fitness? We destroy doubts and increase motivation!

Reading time 6 minutes

«I’m not a sports person», «I’m uncomfortable to do in front of other people», «a subscription to a fitness club is too expensive», – these and other excuses can be heard from those who can not bring themselves to get up from the couch.

The child in the gym. He is still small, but mentally already adjusts to the bar. Then it will!

If you can not decide on a trip to a fitness club, here is a short list of activities that can expand your understanding of the sport and find the perfect exercise:

  • Zumba is an energetic dance that does not require serious preparation and a well-developed plastics. This type of training is available in many modern fitness clubs. You do not have to learn the movements – you just come, look at the coach and repeat the movements under the incendiary music. You will be provided a good mood and a reset of extra pounds.
  • Postural exercises are aimed at improving posture. It takes place in a quiet mode. This is a real salvation for the back of office workers.
  • Classes «Fitball» will help to remember his childhood and plenty to play with a big ball. Few people can imagine how many useful exercises you can perform with it.
  • Air yoga or gymnastics will test the strength of those who have never made tricks in the air. It is not as difficult and scary as it seems at first glance. This type of activity is an effective way to understand how many opportunities are hidden in your body.
  • Yoga and Pilates is a solution for those who do not like intense loads, but want to stay in shape. In cozy studios such classes are often held under relaxing music and with dim lights.
  • Boxing and different types of martial arts have long gone beyond the sports sections. Many modern models and popular personalities prefer monotonous running to boxing. For example, a well-known blogger Maria Novosad often talks about her love to this sport.

In addition to these classes, you can visit the pool, do it yourself or with a personal trainer in the gym, go to a group training, improve strength or stretching, and even try yourself in ballet. Large cities provide endless opportunities for the choice of sports activities, one has only to listen to your body and realize what you need.

From the point of view of chemistry and biology it is simple to talk about physical activities. The brain during training produces endorphins and BDNF protein, which cause a feeling of euphoria and create a feeling of «reboot». Sport is one of the few ways to shake the body. Regular classes increase the number of red blood cells and the level of hemoglobin in the blood, strengthen the joints, improve metabolism and help the cardiovascular system, reducing the risk of stroke.

Fitness is useful at any age. Groups for the elderly are now organized everywhere, including free ones

Why haven’t you started training yet? After a short survey, we identified three of the most common excuses that are actually myths:

1. «I don’t have enough time. Come at 8 PM after work, eat, and nothing more to do. I’ll watch a little TV or surf the Internet and go to bed. Where to get time and energy for sports?»

The feeling of chronic fatigue occurs due to hypodynamia. While sitting all day in the office, you really begin to perceive the fitness club as another unpleasant duty. But the evening sports activity will not «finish» you, but on the contrary, will help to relieve the accumulated stress. In just an hour of active training, you can get rid of tension in the back, get a «cocktail of happiness» in the form of neurotropic hormones and prepare the body for sleep. Paradoxically, the sport does not weaken the nervous system, but calms it and helps to sleep more calmly. The most difficult thing is to force yourself to leave the house, then you will see the effect.

2. «Fitness club is expensive»

On average, one trip to a chiropractor for the treatment of back pain will cost you 3000 rubles. A year of unlimited training in a standard fitness club costs from 13,000 rubles, which will be a little more than 1,000 rubles per month. Running in the Park or at the school stadium costs 0 rubles, exactly the same as the lesson on video tutorials at home.

3. «I’m not comfortable training when everyone is looking at me».

Tenacity and desire to work over the body cause have surrounding respect, not condemnation. In fitness clubs, people do not make fun of each other, but work on themselves and help others if possible. It is difficult to imagine a more benevolent and tolerant atmosphere to your physical disadvantages (if you think they are).

Egypt Station by Paul McCartney

Ex Beatle took the lead in the chart with his new album

Reading time 4 minutes

Egypt Station is the first release of the ex-member of the Beatles Paul McCartney in five years. To make this happen, the artist worked with Greg Kurstin, the music producer.

The rumors about a new album appeared at the end of June, when the performer uploaded a photo of himself with a mic and a piano on his Instagram. The longplay consists of sixteen songs, McCartney sings about space adventures and calls for peace.

The album became a leader of American chart Billboard. The last time McCartney led this chart with his album Tug of War 36 years ago.

Маккартни во время записи альбома. Фото: RollingStone
McCartney during the recording of his new album. Ph: RollingStone
A Five-Year Lull

After releasing an uplifting and optimistic album New in 2013, Paul McCartney took a music break. This was McCartney’s longest break throughout his whole music career. However, the musician did not disappear from the music world, in fact, he frequently reminded of himself via mass media. Paul McCartney recorded a song with Rihanna and Kanye West, became a nominee for Grammy award, and composed a soundtrack for a videogame.

Paul McCartney, Rihanna, and Kanye West. Ph: FRIDAY.az

In style, Egypt Station almost does not differ from ordinary music of the member of The Beatles. The emphasis on a piano, acoustic, and dynamic rhythm cause nostalgia for musician’s previous albums. This is the well-known Paul McCartney of 2000s.

During one of Paul McCartney’s performances. Ph: Diego Vara/Reuters
A Song Station

The new album contains sad and happy ballads, vivid rock-blockbusters, his songs appeal to people  because of modern sounding and this special McCartney’s frolic.

At the same time, Paul McCartney keeps speculate about eternal, global and ridiculously prosaic problems. What prevents people from living in peace? How to draw a beautiful girl’s attention? Where have all the things we loved as children gone? And why does your car’s wheel become flat every time you are in a hurry?

Обложка нового альбома. Фото: BBC.com
A cover of the new album. Ph: BBC.com

According to the artist, tracks in the album are organized in a special order, so listeners can feel this travelling from one song to another – like from station to station.

The name of the album triggers memories about McCartney’s  Spirits of Ancient Egypt hit of 1975, and the “Station” part can be construed as the last stop in musician’s career. However, considering the quality of his music, 78-years old sir Paul is not going to retire from performing yet.

Fashion Trends of Fall 2018

How to be classy and not come out too extravagant

Reading time 5 minutes

This year designers have decided to put the emphasis on casual clothing. To stay in style, you should just add a couple of items to your wardrobe.

First – clothes with large plaid prints. This kind of prints could be on shirts as well as on pants. The red-and-black scottish plaid print became the most popular variation of these patterns. This season it has been  used in classic wool coat by Michael Kors and in glossy dress by Alice + Olivia. However, if you for any reason do not like red color or you prefer your clothes to be even more colorful you can follow Versace and wear a suit with yellow-and-blue plaid print.

Леопардовые костюмы неоновой расцветки
Carolina Herrera, Jeremy Scott, Tom Ford, R13; Fall Collection 2018

Leopard print has become a byword, so a lot of people tend to be careful with it. Although, designers are not afraid of experimenting, therefore, leopard pattern has burst into fashion in the most unexpected interpretations. Besides leopard coats and trench coats, you can also wear a leopard pencil skirt in grey tones or a yellow leopard collar over your plaid coat. And if these combinations are not audacious enough in collections of American designers, you can find more extravagant outfits, for instance, a leopard suit with neon colors for night parties.

Многослойность - один из главных трендов осени 2018 года
Hermès, Maison Margiela, Balenciaga, Rochas; Fall Collection 2018

After last winter, when Europe got to know the «Siberian Beast» – the weather front which brought almost Russian like frost – overlayered outfits became fashionable. And this fall designers keep following that trend. To stay tuned in fashion, you can get more clothes with overlayered tailoring or use in your outfits a couple of dense fabricated items. There is an option of combining a couple of warm oversized jackets or wearing a drape bulky coat over a thin one. As an example, you can put on a winter coat over a quilted jacket.

The mania for logos has not gone  away, so big letters stay a fashion trend of this fall. It means that you would better off buying some clothes with lettered prints. If you prefer your style to be more minimalistic, you can just embrace bags with mentioned pattern.

В этом сезоне шубы радуют яркостью и свободой
Givenchy, Oscar de la Renta, Carolina Herrera; Fall Collection 2018

Fashion trends of this fall finally made peace between fur lovers and fighters for animal rights. Although, fluffy fur is still construed to be fashionable, it is has to be synthetic. Even Donatella Versace put away her natural furs. Now fur coats can be embellished with colorful applications, ornaments, and wide colored lines. Natural furs cannot allow designers to use similar color range and patterns: bright orange and neon pink lines, vivid purple dots, fluorescent yellow shortcuts. Also, this kind of fur coats is more democratic in price.

This mellow fall is keep surprising us with unexpected designer decisions: dresses with waist cuts , lacquered coats, outfits with two belts over mini-skirts. One thing stays obvious – this fall 2018 is a great time to use your imagination and try unexpected combinations.

“Rostekh” presented an analogue of Skype

Разработка впечатлила специалистов, а вот пользователи в недоумении

Reading time 3 minutes

Regular conference “Digital Industry of Industrial Russia” started on June 6 in Innopolis (Tatarstan), on the first day of which the Russian state corporation “Rostekh” introduced the analogue of Skype. The program was named AVES-S and was developed by the staff of the Research Institute “Masshtab” (company “RosElectronics).

Первый день "ЦИПР-2018" принес новости об аналоге Skype
The first day of “CYPR-2018” brought news about the analogue of Skype

The new development has several advantages over its “ancestor” and inspirer Skypé. Firstly, it is a completely safe Russian development with the functions of the Kronos system, which detects intrusions. Secondly, AVES-S allows organizing secure closed conferences and open webinars in wide resolution and excellent quality. In addition, the development allows you to conduct surveys, jointly edit files and exchange instant messages in dialogs, make voice calls. Thirdly, the Russian program is distinguished by its competitive price: AVES-S is almost twice cheaper than its counterparts. It is because of the cost that does not depend on the currencies.

It is reported that the development is not yet available to a wide range of users. AVES-S is primarily intended for government departments, because it is completely confidential and it provides protection from deciphering by third parties.

Users have already expressed scepsis about the new development. In numerous comments they ask why it was necessary to create an analogue of the program, the interest to which fell significantly because of the substitution programs. Today other popular messengers have replaced Skype: WhatsApp, Viber, Messenger. There is also Google Hangouts for similar purposes.

Skype is leaning back.

Now you can, Mr. Erdogan!

Референдум в Турции наделяет президента «султанскими» полномочиями

Reading time 8 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

What happened?

Held on 16 April referendum, the majority of Turkish citizens voted for the introduction of the 18th amendment to the Constitution of the country. According to these amendments, the Republic of Turkey changed the form of government from a parliamentary to presidential, and the President is concentrating in their hands almost unlimited power. Thus abolishes the post of Prime Minister, the President is entitled to appoint Ministers and other senior officials, as well as the majority of constitutional court judges without the approval of Parliament. He controls the state budget, can dissolve the Parliament and to enter in the country state of emergency. After the entry into force of amendments in the Constitution, Erdogan will remain head of state until 2029 as the current term of his presidency will be cancelled.

At the same time, the Parliament will have the power to impeach. The number of deputies will increase from 550 to 600, and presidential and parliamentary elections will be held on the same day every 5 years.

‘ll Wait if “strong hand”?

Supported at the referendum of constitutional amendments in most of them should enter into force after the next presidential election, scheduled for November 2019. Opposition politicians fear that Erdogan will be able to obtain additional authority before this term, however, the Deputy Prime Minister Mehmet Simsek assured that nothing of the sort is planned.

The opposition leader Fethullah Gulen, see in the upcoming reform of the “hard dictatorship” and the collapse of democracy in the country.

The idea of “strong hand” gained popularity in the Turkish society especially after the failed military coup in July 2016. After the referendum, Erdogan rally in Istanbul promised to raise the issue of the return of the death penalty, which Turkey has been formally abolished in 2002 as the fulfillment of the requirements of the European Union on the admission of the country into its ranks.

feedback on the referendum

Before the end of counting of votes of the opposition “Republican people’s party” (CHP) has questioned the legitimacy of the vote, demanding a recount of up to 60% of the vote. The reason was sudden change rules of acceptance of ballots. According to the Chairman of the CHP Kemal kılıçdaroğlu, the commissions began to accept ballots without the seal, although such ballots were considered invalid.

Manfred Weber, the German politician and the leader of the center-right group, wrote on Twitter: “Regardless of the outcome of the referendum Erdogan split the country.”

After the April referendum American CNN said that Turkish democracy was dead, and the counting of votes was rigged.

The President of the United States trump congratulated Erdogan on winning the referendum and thanked for the support of the American missile attack in response to “the use of chemical weapons” in Flibe.

Context: Turkish-Russian relations

In 2015, Russia’s relations with Turkey have deteriorated sharply because of a downed Turkish fighter jet Russian su-24, which carried out the bombing site near the Syrian-Turkish border. In this regard, has suspended sale of vacation packages to Turkey, in November 2015 Vladimir Putin signed a decree a ban on the import of certain types of goods into the territory of the Russian Federation. In response, Turkey refused from Russian grain. Because of the embargo on the Turkish vegetables, the price of tomatoes in Russia, according to some experts, has increased three times. Overall both sides suffered losses amounting to billions of dollars.

In June 2016 Recep Tayyip Erdogan has sent Vladimir Putin a letter of apology for the downed aircraft and talked to him on the phone bilateral relations. After that, the sale of tours to Turkey resumed. In December 2016 in Ankara was killed by Russian Ambassador Andrei Karlov, which Russia suspended the debate on the abolition of visas for Turkish citizens.

From January 2017 for the first time Russia together with the Turkish armed forces began to strike back at terrorist groups in Syria. However, the positions of countries on the Syrian conflict differ substantially with respect to some opposing the government of Syria groups, as well as President Bashar al-Assad.

the Mikhail Delyagin, writer:

– Finding essentially absolute power, Erdogan has taken a clear anti-Russian position along with trump calling for Assad’s responsibility for chemical attack in Idlib and declaring us “grain war.” The hostility of Erdogan’s actions are obvious. Probably, it is supposed that “Russian is not going anywhere” and will endure all for the sake of the recovery of tourism and the creation of the “Turkish stream”.

backwards – from the European Union?

Supporters of Turkey’s accession to the EU believe that the country is “global geo-strategic player” and a “bridge between West and East.” Opponents point to the non-observance by Turkey of the principles of liberal democracy, such as freedom of speech.

According to Erdogan, in 2015, only 20% of the population wanted the joining of Turkey to the EU, while in 2005 this number reached 75%. Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Bulent ARINC said that the accession to the European Union ceased to be of interest to the citizens of the country.

expert Opinion

Researcher, Institute of Oriental studies Ilshat Saitov specifically for Hit.media:

– Presidential system implies a different management style. In a parliamentary system, erdoğan has been a kind of exception: after Ataturk and Ismet Inonu, the first two leaders of the Republic, which were quite authoritarian and rigid, had been introduced a multi-party system, Turkey has become more democratic and pluralistic. Erdogan returned to the days of one-party system, lays the Foundation for the next President had far greater powers than the Prime Minister in a parliamentary Republic. Strategically it will affect Russian-Turkish relations.

the Sergey Tsyplyaev, Dean of the law faculty of the Northwest Institute of managment, member of Committee of Civil initiatives (in an interview to “echo of Moscow”):

– Turkey froze in that position like a pendulum at the top – where’s it headed? Or she will go further in the direction of modernization on the road, which started Kemal Ataturk, pulling the Turkey out of the world of the Middle East, or it fell in the same vortex when you will be irremovable, weak, corrupt regimes. And then the entire opposition, in the absence of other options, will begin to take on terrorist, extremist, fanatical character.

About Kislyak are not supposed to ask

Почему МИД не ответил на вопросы журналистов, а суд отклонил их иск о нарушении закона о СМИ

Reading time 6 minutes

Sorry, this text was translated with Google machine. Mistakes and misunderstandings are possible!

What happened?

11 APR Presnensky court rejected claim of the publication of “the Media” to the Russian foreign Ministry filed April 7, after the failure of the Ministry to provide the requested information. The claim about “illegal omission” was a reaction to the publication on the refusal to provide information about the meetings of the Russian Ambassador to the U.S. Sergei Kislyak with Senator Jeff Sissom and Advisor to the President of Donald trump Jared Kushner. In addition to the “Media” was interested in who the Russians contacted the former head of the electoral headquarters of the trump by Paul Manafort.

The court justified its decision on the claim from the editor-in-chief of the edition Sergey Smirnov fact that it was filed in the administrative proceeding, and this case belongs in the civil, not the same thing.

what is the essence of the claim to the Ministry of foreign Affairs?

March 3 “the Media” addressed to the Director of the Department of information and press of the Russian foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova to confirm or refute the fact of the meeting Sergei Kislyak and Jeff and Roman sessions.

Sergei Kislyak
Sergey Kislyak

As previously reported, The Washington Post, us Senator, now occupying the post of US attorney General, before the entry into this post twice met with the Russian Ambassador. Then, sessions hid this information, having declared at the hearings in the Senate that did not meet Kislyak as a representative of the team trump. Journalists interested in however, “what issues were discussed during contact”, and the status of performed sessions.

After the first treatment of the foreign Ministry left the questions of Russian media attention, so “the Media” on 18 March sent a second request. On March 27, the Ministry did respond to him, saying that the information about the contacts of Russian diplomats will not be granted.

has Been violated media law?

Edition of “the Media” have considered the refusal of the Ministry of foreign Affairs illegal as according to media law a journalist has the right to access any information unless it contains “information constituting a state, commercial or other specially protected by law secret”.

Sergey Smirnov
Sergey Smirnov

As notes the editor-in-chief Sergey Smirnov, authorities often leave journalists ‘ requests without attention. In his claim, “the Media” asked the court to oblige the Ministry to provide the necessary information and pay the state duty in the amount of 300 rubles.

Maria Zakharova
Maria Zakharova

Maria Zakharova, commenting on the situation, said “People are sitting and PR. Let them tell you how many times and in what form the foreign Ministry sent them.”

Sergey Smirnov commented on Twitter the court’s decision:

Comments Sergey Smirnov

 

 

 

 

 

 

expert

Alexey GoloshchapovAlexey Goloshchapov, PhD, associate Professor, faculty of law, HSE, Department of theory and history of law:

– Non-public information means a state, commercial or other specially protected by the law secret. The state is not obliged to disclose the reason for their actions, that are accepted by various conventions and agreements.

For example, in the “Vienna Convention on the law of treaties” governed by a political tact, diplomacy and legal etiquette. I think that it is the court planned to refer the Ministry of foreign Affairs, and his opponent — the law “On mass media”, which is based on the General regulations and may be limited to other international agreements.

Moreover, there are many unspoken rules of communication between countries for which some information should not be divulged to any of the parties. I’m not surprised that the court rejected the prosecution, and the reason is not confusion with administrative and civil claims, and that there is no real mechanism that could force the authorities to answer all the questions or hold them accountable for refusing to provide information.

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